Disappearing Peasantries?: Rural Labour in Africa, Asia and Latin America

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Jos E. Mooij, Deborah Fahy Bryceson, Cristóbal Kay
Intermediate Technology Publications, 2000 - Business & Economics - 333 pages
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This book comes at a time when the peasant transition process has reached a critical juncture. It points out how peasant labor redundancy can undermine rural welfare and political stability, and why academics and policy-makers of the twenty-first century cannot ignore the world's disappearing peasantries without endangering sustainable development and international security. The editors combine the most recent rural research with a new analytical perspective on the major peasant and agrarian development debates, and provide a new insight into peasant studies and the western biases that have permeated it.

The book begins by tracing patterns of peasant formation and dissolution over time and explores whether today's rural producers in Africa, Asia and Latin America are peasants in either a theoretical or practical sense. The rich case study material from all three continents illustrates the pressures and opportunities that have befallen peasants, leading them to 'diversify' into a number of occupations and non- agricultural income-earning avenues. The relationship of peasants to the land has changed; and the editors discuss the factors influencing this.

They include multi-occupational livelihoods, intensified labor mobility and flexibility, straddled urban and rural residences, and flooded labor markets. The state and market influences on the rural family and village community are also examined. This book points out how peasant labor redundancy can undermine rural welfare and political stability, and why academics and policy-makers of the twenty-first century cannot ignore the world's disappearing peasantries without endangering sustainable development and international security. The editors combine the most recent rural research with a new analytical perspective on the major peasant and agrarian development debates, and provide a new insight into peasant studies and the western biases that have permeated it.

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Contents

African Peasantries
37
Peasant Differentiation Gender
81
The Politics of Peasant Ethnic Communities and Urban
99
Copyright

11 other sections not shown

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About the author (2000)

Jos Mooij is a lecturer at the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Deborah Bryceson is Reader in Urban Studies, Department of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow.

Cristobal Kay is an associate professor at the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands.

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