After the Tsunami: Rapid Environmental Assessment
United Nations Environment Programme, Jan 1, 2005 - Nature - 140 pages
The earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004 devastated coastal communities in 12 countries in the Indian Ocean region, with Aceh Province, Sumatra, Indonesia the hardest hit. This report sets out the findings of the UNEP Asian Tsunami Disaster Task Force, set up to help national environmental authorities in the affected countries with their assessment and response to the environmental impact of the disaster. It summarises the interim findings from ongoing assessments in Indonesia, the Maldives, the Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Yemen, including evidence of environmental concerns that require immediate action. The short term clean-up programme must be coupled with policy development and strengthened institutions, and the recovery agenda will require the clean-up of contamination hotspots, and rehabilitation of critical livelihoods and ecosystems.
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26 December affected agencies agricultural Andaman Sea Banda Aceh beaches capacity cent Centre clean-up coastal ecosystems coastal vegetation coastal zone management coastline communities contamination coordination coral reefs countries damage debris destroyed disaster management early warning system ecosystems environmental impacts erosion estimated fisheries fishing flooding Government groundwater habitat hazardous waste hectares Indian Ocean Indonesia infrastructure integrated coastal zone islands IUCN January kilometres lagoon livelihoods Mahe Maldives mangrove forests mangroves Marine and Coastal metres Meulaboh monitoring natural resources Phang Nga Phang Nga Province Phuket planning pollution population Praslin Programme Protected Areas RAPID ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT reconstruction recovery region rehabilitation reported risks sand sea grass sea grass beds sector sediment sewage Seychelles Socotra soil solid waste Somalia square kilometres Sri Lanka Sumatra sustainable Task Force Thailand tourism tsunami disaster turtle UNEP UNEP WCMC UNITED NATIONS vulnerable waste management water and sanitation waves WCMC Wetlands Yemen