Will We Be Smart Enough?: A Cognitive Analysis of the Coming Workforce (Google eBook)
The American workforce and the American workplace are rapidly changing—in ways that make them increasingly incompatible. Advances in automation and telecommunications have eliminated many jobs based on routine tasks and muscle power and fueled the demand for employees who can understand and apply new technologies. But, as Earl Hunt convincingly demonstrates in Will We Be Smart Enough?, such “smart” employees will be in dangerously short supply unless fundamental changes are made to our educational and vocational systems. Will We Be Smart Enough? combines cognitive theory, demographic projections, and psychometric research to measure the capabilities of tomorrow’s workforce against the needs of tomorrow’s workplace. Characterized by sophisticated machinery, instant global communication, and continuous reorganization, the workplace will call for people to fuse multiple responsibilities, adapt quickly to new trends, and take a creative approach to problem solving. Will Americans be able to meet the difficult and unprecedented challenges brought about by these innovations? Hunt examines data from demographic sources and a broad array of intelligence tests, whose fairness and validity he judiciously assesses. He shows that the U.S. labor force will be increasingly populated by older workers, who frequently lack the cognitive flexibility required by rapid change, and by racial and ethnic minorities, who have so far not fully benefitted from the nation’s schools to develop the cognitive skills necessary in a technologically advanced workplace. At the heart of Will We Be Smart Enough? lies the premise that this forecast can be altered, and that cognitive skills can be widely and successfully taught. Hunt applies psychological principles of learning and cognitive science to a variety of experimental teaching programs, and shows how the information revolution, which has created such rapid change in the workplace, can also be used to transform the educational process and nurture the skills that the workplace of the future will require. Will We Be Smart Enough? answers naysayers who pronounce so many people “cognitively disadvantaged” by suggesting that new forms of education can provide workers with enhanced skills and productive employment in the twenty-first century.
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The Rising Curve: Long-term Gains in IQ and Related Measures ; [based on ...
No preview available - 1998
ability abstract Allen Newell American analysis apply argue argument assessment ASVAB automated blackboard changes Chapter cognitive psychology cognitive science cognitive skills correlation criterion crystallized intelligence deal declarative learning develop economic effectiveness EGO policy ethnic groups evaluate example Figure fluid intelligence GATB goal Herrnstein and Murray high school hired Hispanics human important increase individual industrial intelligence test job class job performance knowledge learning long-term memory machine mance mathematical mean measures memory mental metacognition minority group members normally distributed percent percentage person personnel physics population predict predictor problem problem-solving production Project psychometricians rates reasoning relative robot schema schemata selection ratio shows situated cognition situation social solver solving standard deviation standard score statistics studies task teacher test scores theory tion United validity coefficient verbal workers workforce workplace
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