Indian Architectural Theory: Contemporary Uses of Vastu Vidya

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Psychology Press, 1998 - Architecture - 212 pages
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In this ground-breaking study the traditional Indian science of architecture and house-building,Vastu Vidya, is explored in terms of its secular uses, at the levels of both theory and contemporary practice. Vastu Vidya is treated as constituting a coherent and complete architectural programme, still of great relevance today. Chakrabarti draws on an impressive amount of textual material, much of it only available in Sanskrit, and presents several extremely valuable illustrations in support of the theories expounded. Each chapter deals with one architectural aspect, and chapters are divided into three sections. For each aspect, the first section explains the prescriptions of the traditional texts; the second section deals with the rather arbitrary use of that aspect by contemporary Indian architects trained in the western manner but striving to relate to Indian roots; while the last section in each chapter explores the selected use of that particular aspect by contemporary Vastu pundits, with their disregard for architectural idiom.
  

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Contents

Lord Vishvakarma the divine architect
4
Sutrashtaka the tools of measurement
5
Determining the cardinal points with a Gnomon
6
Vastu Purusha Mandala of 91 squares
7
Seven and ten range houses
8
A seven range house with two courts
9
Two ways of looking at the 9X9 grid
10
Two kinds of planning principles
11
Reinventing the Mandala
95
Suitable and prohibited locations for various functions
98
CHAPTER FOUR Orientation
101
Kaala Purusha
102
Energy channels of the subtle body
103
Vastu Purusha Mandala
104
Orientation and Mandala
110
Superimposing the Mandala
113

A Haveli in Rajasthan
12
INTRODUCTION A Survey of Texts Ancient and Modern
13
Cover of a contemporary took on Vastu
16
Design of a modern house based on Vastu
17
Layout of a factory based on Vastu
18
CHAPTER ONE Architectural Team
19
CHAPTER TWO System of Measurement
35
Hasta as a unit of measurement
39
Sutrashtaka the eight tools of measurement
40
Hasta scale
41
Rashi Purusha
46
Nakshatra Purusha
48
Example of a Pindasarani table
54
CHAPTER THREE Vastu Purusha Mandala
63
Sakala Pechaka and Pitha Mandala
65
Mahapitha Mandala
66
Upapitha Mandala
68
Sthandila Mandala
69
28a Paramashavika Mandala after Brihat Samhita
70
28b Paramashayika Mandala after Manasara
71
28c Paramashayika Mandala after Mayamata
72
28d Paramashayika Mandala after Samarangana Sutradhara
73
28e Paramashayika Mandala after Rajavallahha
74
Concentric divisions ot the Paramashayika Mandala
78
30a The graphic imagery of the Purusha
83
30c The graphic imagery of the Purusha
84
30d The graphic imagery of the Purusha
85
Geometric interpretations of the city of Jaipur and monuments
88
The nine squares in the design of Jawahar Kala Kendra
90
Concept of Vidyadhar Nagar
92
Play of the 3 X 3 Mandala IIT Bombay
93
Eight types of Aya
116
Division of site into eight quarters
120
Changes suggested for a factory
124
House designed by a master craftsman
125
Charles Correas plan for the Jawahar Kala Kendra Jaipur 1986
127
CHAPTER FIVE Site Considerations
129
CHAPTER six Building Materials
141
CHAPTER SEVEN Defining the Built Form
155
First set of sixteen Ekashala houses
157
Third set of Ekashala houses
158
Fourth set of Ekashala houses
160
Sixth set of Ekashala houses
161
Some Ekashala houses of Mayamata
164
Smallest type of one storeyed building bv P K Acharya
166
Ashoka Hotel New Delhi
171
Comparing the built form of old and new
176
The modern auspicious house
182
Tools
187
Design of a border
188
Construction of a trellis
189
Stone flooring
190
Angrezi Angithi or English Hearth
191
American design
192
Some images of the affluent part of New Delhi
194
Epilogue
195
The theme of Vastu Purusha Mandala
196
Invention of a Vastu rationale behind Chandigarh
197
Bibliography
203
Index
209
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