Great Architecture of the World
Here is a brilliantly accessible chronicle of the greatest monuments created by mankind, told by fourteen of the most distinguished architectural historians and beautifully illustrated with more than 800 original diagrams, annotated drawings, and photographs—both a browser's delight and a superb reference tool.
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18th century 5th century bc abbey aisles Alvar Aalto ancient apse arcaded arch architect architecture Art Nouveau Baroque basilica begun Bramante brick building built Byzantine capital carved castle cathedral central centre century bc chapel chateau church of st circular classical Classical Orders clerestory colonnaded columns completed Corbusier court courtyard dates decoration designed dome Doric earliest early east entrance Europe example facade famous feature finest fortifications French ft high gallery gateway glass Gothic Greek interior Ionic Ionic Order Islamic Italian king largest later Le Corbusier marble medieval medresa minarets modern monastery monumental mosaics mosque Mycenae nave octagonal oldest original ornament palace palazzo Palladian pavilion piers portal pyramid rebuilt rectangular Renaissance ribs Rococo Roman Romanesque Romanesque architecture Rome roof royal sculpture Seljuk shrine spire square stone storeys structure style surrounded survived temple terraces theatre tombs tower town hall tradition transepts vault villa walls
Page 285 - ... metopes (qv) in the Doric frieze (Fig. 12). TROPHY: sculptured group of arms or armour, used as a memorial of victory. TRUMEAU: stone mullion (qv) supporting the tympanum (qv) of a wide doorway. TUMULUS: see Barrow. TURRET : very small tower, round or polygonal in plan. TUSCAN: see Order. TYMPANUM: space between the lintel of a doorway and the arch above it. UNDERCROFT: vaulted room, sometimes underground, below a church or chapel.
Page 285 - A lean-to roof has one slope only and is built against a higher wall. A mansard roof has a double slope. the lower being longer and steeper than the upper: named after Francois MANSART.
Page 284 - When the formwork Is removed. the concrete is found to have the texture of the material imprinted upon its surface. The formwork may be re-used if the type of construction is suitable. as in walls or repeating floor BAYS. Fortress. see CASTLE. Forum In Roman architecture. a central open space usually surrounded by public buildings and colonnades: it corresponds to the Greek AGORA. Fosse A ditch or moat. whether dry or wet. used in defence.