Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

Front Cover
National Academies Press, Aug 30, 1996 - Science - 644 pages
0 Reviews

This volume reflects the current state of scientific knowledge about natural climate variability on decade-to-century time scales. It covers a wide range of relevant subjects, including the characteristics of the atmosphere and ocean environments as well as the methods used to describe and analyze them, such as proxy data and numerical models. They clearly demonstrate the range, persistence, and magnitude of climate variability as represented by many different indicators. Not only do natural climate variations have important socioeconomic effects, but they must be better understood before possible anthropogenic effects (from greenhouse gas emissions, for instance) can be evaluated. A topical essay introduces each of the disciplines represented, providing the nonscientist with a perspective on the field and linking the papers to the larger issues in climate research. In its conclusions section, the book evaluates progress in the different areas and makes recommendations for the direction and conduct of future climate research. This book, while consisting of technical papers, is also accessible to the interested layperson.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1
Introduction
10
How Different is the Climate of
17
Variability of African Rainfall on Interannual and Decadal Time Scales
32
On the Initiation and Persistence of the Sahel Drought
44
Decadal Variations of Snow Cover
60
Variability and Trends of Precipitation and Snowfall over North America
67
Empirical
80
Natural and Forced Variability in the Climate Record
199
Atmospheric Modeling Reference List
211
Introduction
234
Marine Surface Data for Analysis of Climatic Fluctuations on Interannualto
241
DecadalScale Variability of Ice Cover and Climate in the Arctic Ocean
253
LongTerm SeaLevel Variation
264
Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate summary of dinner remarks
273
The Salinity Decrease in the Labrador Sea over the Past Thirty Years
295

Decadal Oscillations in Global Temperature and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
97
Observed Variability of the Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation
111
Surface Climate Variations over the North Atlantic Ocean During Winter
120
Atmospheric Observations Reference List
151
An Essay by Michael Ghil
164
Detection of Forced Climate Signals
175
Constraining Possibilities Versus Signal Detection
182
The Local Regional and Global Significance of Exchanges through the Denmark
305
Observational Evidence of DecadalScale Variability of the North Atlantic Ocean
318
Maximum Rates of Projected and Actual Increases in Global Mean Temperature
572
Proxy Indicators of Climate Reference List
583
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CLIMATEVARIABILITY
605
INDEX
615
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information