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accent action aperture articulate Back breath cavity close closure Cockney combinations configuration corresponding denotes diacritics Diagrams Dialects diphthongs distinct divided effect elementary sounds elements English express Foreign Sounds forms a sibilant friction Front Glides glottis guttural heard inflexion inner labial language larynx learner Lessons letters lingual vowels lips lower-case Melville Bell Mixed mode Modifiers modulation modulative order mouth murmur Nasal Consonants nasal valve NASALIZED VOWELS oral cavity oral passage ordinary organic positions organs of speech outer palatal arch peculiar percussion pharynx phonetic pitch Point Primary principle pronounced pronunciation RADICAL CONSONANT reader relations represented resembles the vowel Round-Glide rounded Scotch semi-vowelized sound shut simple soft palate sonants suction Table teeth Telegraphy throat tion transitional types unaccented syllables Universal Alphabet utterance varieties vibration Visible Speech vocal Voiced Consonants voiceless voiceless consonant vowel stems whisper words writing written Zulu
Page 71 - Vowel ' is a syllabic sound moulded by a definite and momentarily fixed, or tense, configuration of the free channel of the mouth, and creating no oral sibilation or -friction in its emission. A vowel without a ' fixed ' configuration loses its syllabic effect, and becomes a ' glide ' ; and a ' glide ' with sibilation or friction in the oral channel becomes a
Page 59 - French / in belle (lib. § 132).] 3 (f). Lip-divided is formed by placing the centre of the lower lip on the edges of the upper teeth, while the breath hisses through the interstices between the teeth or between the teeth and the lip. A similar effect of divided formation results from placing the lower on the upper lip, instead of the teeth, and directing the breath over the corners of the lips. This peculiarity would be represented by the modifier (3) " to lip " after the lip-divided symbol (33).
Page 68 - Speak to me ! Mighty grief Ere now the dust hath stirred ! Hear me, but hear me ! — father, chief, My king, I must be heard ! Hushed, hushed, — how is it that I call, And that thou answerest not? When was it thus? Woe, woe for all The love my soul forgot! "Thy silver hairs I see, So still, so sadly bright! And father, father ! but for me, They had not been so white ! I bore thee down, high heart, at last! No longer couldst thou strive. Oh, for one moment of the past, To kneel and say, — 'Forgive...
Page 52 - ... closure of the superglottal passage, yields a distinct percussion, which is very common in Chinese and many other languages. The closure is effected by depression of the epiglottis, as in the act of swallowing. [I never succeeded in acquiring a definite idea of this sound.] *Q (s).
Page 58 - the ' front-mixed-dirided ' consonant (th) has its centre check at the tip of the tongue, and its apertures between the edges of the flattened point and the teeth or the upper gum : — the front of the tongue having considerable convexity within the arch of the palate.
Page 99 - The best known of the diacritic alphabets is Lepsius's Standard Alphabet, thus criticized by Bell (Visible Speech, p. 99) : ' (It) consists of Roman and Greek letters, varied by the addition of diacritic marks. Seventeen diacritics are used above, and fourteen are used below the body of the letters; so many as three diacritics being in some cases applied to a single body. The number of lower-case letters thus employed exceeds 280, and of these above 200 require to be cut for every fount used.
Page 22 - The result was perfectly satisfactory — that is, Mr. Bell wrote down my queer and purposely-exaggerated pronunciations and mispronunciations, and delicate distinctions, in such a manner that his sons, not having heard them, so uttered them as to surprise me by the extremely correct echo of my own voice. I have made it my business for twenty-one years to study alphabetical systems.
Page viii - Even the idea which it realizes is entirely new, the idea, namely, of representing the mechanism of speech sounds in their alphabetical symbols. He expected a Royal Commission, and appealed to the Prime Minister, receiving the following reply: 10, Downing Street, Whitehall, February 12, 1867. Sir, I am directed by Lord Derby to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 8th inst., and to inform you that there are no public funds from which he can make you the grant you desire. I have the honour...