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What Are Bureaus and Who Are Bureaucrats?
Bureaucracy Is Here to Stay
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actions activities advocates agencies alternatives analysis authority basic become behavior patterns benefits biases bureau members bureau's bureaucratic by-passing cause channels Chapter cials climbers communications conflict conservers coordination costs create decisionmaking decisions develop distortion economic effects environment example existing external factors formal rules goal consensus Gordon Tullock greater H. A. Simon Hence hierarchy ideology impersonality important income increase individual officials indoctrination informal structures innovation involved James Q large organizations levels Lewis Coser loyalty major Max Weber means monitoring Morris Janowitz motivated networks Northcote Parkinson offi official's operations organization's organizational output performance gap personnel political position power setting pressure prestige promotion public interest rand Corporation rational reduce relationships relatively responsibilities result role search agency self-interest shift significant social functions society specific subformal subordinates sunk costs superiors superman tend theory tion top-level officials types of officials uncertainty usually utility zealots