Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling: Physiological, Performance, Growth, Longevity and Ecological Ramifications (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Thomas T. Samaras
Nova Publishers, 2007 - Medical - 381 pages
3 Reviews
Several books have been published on scaling in biology and its ramifications in the animal kingdom. However, none has specifically examined the multifaceted effects of how changes in human height create disproportionately larger changes in weight, surface area, strength and other physiological parameters. Yet, the impact of these non-linear effects on individual humans as well as our worlds environment is enormous. Since increasing human body size has widespread ramifications, this book presents findings on the human species and its ecological niche. In biology, an ecological niche refers to the role played by a species in its community and how the species interacts with its environment. Thus, a few chapters provide an ecological overview of how increasing human body size relates to human evolution, fitness, health, survival and the environment. This book provides a unique purview of the laws of scaling on human performance, health, longevity and the environment. Numerous examples from various research disciplines are used to illustrate the impact of increasing body size on many aspects of human enterprises, including work output, athletics and intellectual performance.
  

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Book Review by Professor Marson: How Big Should We Be? A Herculean task accomplished.
Professor Marson recommends the book to every academic library. Students who are studying natural and social
sciences will find the book valuable. Also professional policy makers should read this volume.
Book Review by researcher, Jonathan C.K. Wells, University College London Institute of Child Health
The book challenges conventional biomedical wisdom that body size is a marker of health. He strongly recommends Human Body Size and the Laws of Scaling to academics "across a wide range of disciplines" and suggests that they will find themselves challenging long-held views on growth and health.
 

Contents

Why the Study of Human Size is Important
1
Human Scaling and the Body Mass Index
17
Advantages of Taller Human Height
33
Advantages of Shorter Human Height
47
Body Height and its Relation to Chronic Disease and Longevity
63
BMI and Weight Their Relation to Diabetes CVD Cancer and Allcause Mortality
113
The Obesity Epidemic Birthweight Rapid Growth and Superior Nutrition
147
Longlived Mutant Gene Knockout and Transgenic Mice
191
Overview of Research on Giant Transgenic Mice with Emphasis on the Brain and Aging
235
Speculations on the Evolutionary Ecology of Homo sapiens with Special Reference to Body Size Allometry and Survivorship
261
Birthweight Height Brain Size and Intellectual Ability
301
Impact of Body Size on Resources Pollution the Environment and Economics
319
Final Remarks on Human Size Scaling and Ecological Implications
329
Symbols Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in Text
333
Technical Review of Molecular and Physiological Aspects Relevant to Size Free Radicals and Aging
341
Index
359

The Evolutionary Ecology of Body Size with Special Reference to Allometry and Survivorship
213

Common terms and phrases

Bibliographic information