Causatives and causation: a universal-typological perspective
Causatives and Causation is the first comprehensive study of causative constructions found in the world's languages. This important new research, based on a data base of more than 600 languages, not only investigates fully the richness and variety of causative types, but also presents an alternative perspective to the traditional typological approach. The new typology enables a better understanding of how the human mind cognizes causation and how this is reflected in language. Causatives and Causation is also an important attempt to integrate language typology with diachrony by constructing a diachronic model of causative affixes on the basis of this new typology. Drawing on the theoretical insight of Role and Reference Grammar, this book provides a case study of the causative constructions in Korean, providing additional support for both the proposed new typology and the diachronic model. It also examines the pragmatic foundations of causatives, an important but previously unexplored area of study.
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A typology of causative constructions
The evolution of causative affixes
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Abkhaz Alamblak amani-ka Atchin Australian languages Australian National University Babungo basic verb Blake Cambridge Canberra causative affixes causative construction causative function causative prefix causative sentence causative types causative verb caused event causee NP clausal cognitive structure COMPACT type complement causative Comrie Comrie's core NPs crosslinguistic diachronic diachronic model direct object Dixon element of Vcause element of Veffect express causation fact Foley Further Givon grammar grammatical relations ha-ass-ta Haiman implicative indirect indirect object intransitive Jacaltec Korean Langacker 1987 language spoken lexical causative Linguistics morpheme morphological causative mother-NOM Mouton noncausative constructions noncausative verb nonimplicative Note NP density control number of core object NP Papua New Guinea paradigm pragmatic predicts PURP marker PURP type purposive construction R.M.W. Dixon Scause subject NP subjunctive mood subordinate clause suffix switch reference syntactic causative syntax term PURP Tigak transitive verbs type of causative typology of causative University Press Valin Veffect verbal word order