Collected Writings

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Kaplan Publishing, Aug 5, 2008 - Medical - 144 pages
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In Germ Theory and Its Applications to Medicine, biologist and chemist Louis Pasteur (1822-95) describes the discoveries in microbiology that were the foundation of modern immunology. His work also aided the food and textile industries, and he remains among the world's most celebrated scientists. The process to remove harmful germs from milk and other beverages by heating them is called pasteurization in his honor.

From Pasteur's theories, surgeon Joseph Lister (1827-1912) discovered the principle of antisepsis, which he describes in On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery. By using carbolic acid in conjunction with heat sterilization of surgical instruments, Lister determined that postoperative illness and fatality dramatically decreased. He also developed absorbable ligatures and the drainage tube, both of which remain in use for wounds and incisions. Listerine is named for this famous doctor.

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The experiments of French chemist and biologist Louis Pasteur confirmed the germ theory of disease. His discoveries immediately reduced deaths from childhood fevers and rabies, but he is best remembered for pasteurization, the process of stopping milk and wine from going sour.

Baron Joseph Lister discovered the process of antiseptics, saving thousands of lives by revolutionizing the habits of doctors.

Conrad Fischer, MD, is Director of Educational Development for the Department of Medicine at Jamaica Hospital Medical Center in New York City. Jamaica Hospital is a robust window on the world of medicine. Dr. Fischer is also Chairman of Medicine for Kaplan Medical, teaching USMLE Steps 1, 2, and 3, Internal Medicine Board Review and Attending Recertification, and USMLE Step 1 Physiology. Dr. Fischer is Associate Professor of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Medicine at Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York City.

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