African America and Haiti: Emigration and Black Nationalism in the Nineteenth Century

Front Cover
Greenwood Press, Jan 1, 2000 - History - 249 pages
0 Reviews
While much has been written about the antebellum African American interest in emigration to Africa, the equally significant interest in Haitian emigration has been largely overlooked. Although free blacks spurned attempts by the American Colonization Society to "return" them to Africa, during the 1820s, and again during the 1850s and early 1860s, as conditions for African Americans became ever more precarious, thousands of blacks left the U.S. for Haiti searching for civic freedom and economic opportunity in the world's first independent black republic. Such prospects caught the attention of not only the African American leadership but of the black populace as well. In discussing the growing interest in Haitian emigration, Dixon provides ongoing discussions concerning black nationalism as an ideology. While Haiti was a potent example of the possibility of black liberation, for black leaders such as James T. Holly, the island republic had not reached its true potential and was, therefore, an imperfect example of black nationalism. By carrying Christian civilization to Haiti, these African Americans hoped to transform it into an exemplar of black nationhood. There was, as Dixon argues, a clearly emerging ideology of black nationalism during the nineteenth century. However, the main principles of that ideology were marked by definite condescension toward non-American blacks that reflected many of the racial values of white America. Anticipating material comfort and political equality in their adopted nation, many emigrants instead encountered disease and suffering.

From inside the book

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Black America and Haiti
15
Emigrationism Resurgent and
61
Black Emigrationism 18541860
87
Copyright

5 other sections not shown

Common terms and phrases

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2000)

CHRIS DIXON teaches American History at the University of Newcastle, Australia. He has also held positions at the University of Sydney and Massey University, New Zealand. His other works include Perfecting the Family: Antislavery Marriages in Nineteenth-Century America (1997).

Bibliographic information