Manu's Code of Law
Manu's Code of Law is one of the most important texts in the Sanskrit canon, indeed one of the most important surviving texts from any classical civilization. It paints an astoundingly detailed picture of ancient Indian life-covering everything from the constitution of the king's cabinet to the price of a ferry trip for a pregnant woman-and its doctrines have been central to Indian thought and practice for 2000 years. Despite its importance, however, until now no one has produced a critical edition of this text. As a result, for centuries scholars have been forced to accept clearly inferior editions of Sanskrit texts and to use those unreliable editions as the basis for constructing the history of classical India. In this volume, Patrick Olivelle has assembled the critical text of Manu, including a critical apparatus containing all the significant manuscript variants, along with a reliable and readable translation, copious explanatory notes, and a comprehensive introduction on the structure, content, and socio-political context of the treatise. The result is an outstanding scholarly achievement that will be an essential tool for any serious student of India.
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Note on the Translation
Notes to the Translation
Introduction to the Critical Edition
a-b cited a-b omitted Additional verse BBe2 Be3 Bo BKt5 wKt6 BKts Bo Ho Brahmin Cited by Apa Cited by Dev Cited by Lak Cited by Vij cMd1 cMd5 commentators Hy Jm Jo1 Jha Dave Jha KSS Dave Jolly Jha KSS Jolly Nd king Ksatriya Kt2 wKt3 Kulluka La1 Lo1 Lo2 Lo3 Lo3 Tj1 Lo4 Lo5 Madh Mandlik Jha KSS Mandlik Jolly Jha Mandlik KSS Manu Mddh Medhatithi Mﬁdh MTr3 MTr4 MTr6 MTr5 mTt6 nKi4 NKt4 NPul oMd1 oMd2 oMd5 oMy Ox2 nPu1 padas a-b Padas c-d omitted pidas Pu2 Pu3 Pu4 Pu2 Pu4 Pu4 Pu5 Pu5 Pu7 Pu5 sPu6 Pu7 reading adopted sOx1 Ox2 sOx1 sPu6 sOxl ST mss Sudra Tj1 Tr1 TMd3 oMy Tr1 MTr4 Tr1 Tr2 Vaisya Veda vedic wKt1 wKtI wKtl