The Knights of the Crown: The Monarchical Orders of Knighthood in Later Medieval Europe, 1325-1520

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Boydell Press, 2000 - History - 643 pages
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Orders of lay knights - the most famous of which are those of the Garter and the Golden Fleece - were founded at some time between 1325 and 1470 in almost every kingdom of Western Christendom, and played an important part in the life of the court. Jonathan Boulton defines the "monarchical" orders as those with corporate statutes which attached the presidential office to the crown of the princely founder, or made it hereditary in his house. Modelled either directly or indirectly on the fictional society of the Round Table, they incorporated varying numbers of elements borrowed from the older religious orders of knighthood and from contemporary institutions. This study explores the nature and history of thirteen orders, and reveals them as not only an ingenious supplement to (or replacement for) the feudo-vassalic ties that still bound the leading members of the nobility to their sovereign, but also as the most important institutional embodiments of the secular ideals of chivalry that were at the heart of the international court culture of the age. JONATHAN BOULTON teaches at the University of Notre Dame.
  

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Contents

Hungary
27
CastileLeon 13301474?
46
England 13449
96
The Company of Our Lady of the Noble House Commonly called
167
The Company of the Holy Spirit of Right Desire Commonly called
211
Cyprus 1347591489?
241
French Princely Orders Founded Before 1430
271
Mainland Sicily Naples 13811386?
289
Mainland Sicily Naples
397
France 14691790
427
Developments from 1469 to 1525
448
Abbreviations
502
Bibliography
503
Index
525
Appendices to Second Edition
541
Curial and Monarchical Orders Founded by Princes of
575

Monarchical and QuasiMonarchical Orders Founded in Spain
325
Burgundy and the Netherlands
356

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