Highland Peoples of New Guinea
Fifty years ago the New Guinea highlands were isolated and unknown to outsiders. As the highland peoples of New Guinea are among the last large groups to be brought into the world community, they are of major interest to ecologists, social anthropologists and cultural historians. This study synthesises previous anthropological research on the New Guinea highland peoples and cultures and demonstrates the interrelations of ecological adaptation, population and society. In describing, analysing and comparing the technology, culture and community life of peoples of the highland and the highland fringe, Professor Brown shows the special character of these societies, which have developed in isolation. In addition to examining the unique regional development of the New Guinea highland peoples, this book, a study in ecological and social anthropology, brings together theses two analytical fields and demonstrates their interrelationships.
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LIFE IN THE HIGHLAND HABITAT
AGRICULTURE AND POPULATION
LAND AND LOCALITY
FAMILY AND KINSHIP
COHESION AND COMPETITION
activities affines agricultural intensity alliance altitudes axes Balim bananas Bena Bena boys central highlands Chimbu cooked crops cult cultivation cultural Dani decorated densely diet domestic pigs eastern highlands enemy Enga exchange exogamous fallow feathers fence festivals fighting forest Gadsup garden land gifts girls group territory Guinea highlands Hagen hamlets highland fringe highland societies Huli husband individual initiation intergroup Irian Jaya Kapauku killed kinship kinsmen Kyaka larger leaders male marriage married meat Melanesia men's house Mintima Naregu Nauru neighbors nuts pandanus Papua New Guinea patrilineal payments permanent phratry pig feast plants political population density pork practices production rarely region relations relatives ritual sago settlement sexual shells slopes social soil sometimes sorcery square miles stone subclan sweet potatoes taro Telefomin tion trade trees usually vegetables village Wahgi Wahgi Valley warfare wild wives women women's houses young