NETWORK NATION

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Harvard University Press, May 1, 2010 - Business & Economics - 520 pages
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The telegraph and the telephone were the first electrical communications networks to become hallmarks of modernity. Yet they were not initially expected to achieve universal accessibility. In this pioneering history of their evolution, Richard R. John demonstrates how access to these networks was determined not only by technological imperatives and economic incentives but also by political decision making at the federal, state, and municipal levels. In the decades between the Civil War and the First World War, Western Union and the Bell System emerged as the dominant providers for the telegraph and telephone. Both operated networks that were products not only of technology and economics but also of a distinctive political economy. Western Union arose in an antimonopolistic political economy that glorified equal rights and vilified special privilege. The Bell System flourished in a progressive political economy that idealized public utility and disparaged unnecessary waste. The popularization of the telegraph and the telephone was opposed by business lobbies that were intent on perpetuating specialty services. In fact, it wasn’t until 1900 that the civic ideal of mass access trumped the elitist ideal of exclusivity in shaping the commercialization of the telephone. The telegraph did not become widely accessible until 1910, sixty-five years after the first fee-for-service telegraph line opened in 1845. Network Nation places the history of telecommunications within the broader context of American politics, business, and discourse. This engrossing and provocative book persuades us of the critical role of political economy in the development of new technologies and their implementation.
  

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Review: Network Nation: Inventing American Telecommunications

User Review  - Christopher Mitchell - Goodreads

Wooof. Very glad I read this book but glad I don't have to read it again. Very dense but quite informative. Read full review

Contents

Inventing American Telecommunications
1
Making a Neighborhood of a Nation
5
Professor Morses Lightning
24
Antimonopoly
65
The New Postalic Dispensation
114
Rich Mans Mail
156
The Talking Telegraph
200
Telephomania
238
Second Nature
269
Gray Wolves
311
Universal Service
340
One Great Medium?
370
The Technical Millennium
407
Chronology of American Telecommunications
415
Acknowledgments
501
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

Richard R. Johnis Professor of Journalism,Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University.