Neuronal Plasticity: Building a Bridge from the Laboratory to the Clinic
Jordan Grafman, Yves Christen
Springer, 1999 - Medical - 190 pages
Over the last twenty years there has been an explosive growth in our understanding of the molecular, cellular, & anatomical changes that occur in the days & weeks following brain injury. It is now clear that training & exposure to certain environments can modify & shape neuronal plasticity in lower animals & humans. In humans, in particular, there are new ways of charting neuronal plasticity at the ensemble or regional level using functional neuroimaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography & functional magnetic resonance imaging. This volume provides some impetus to moving the field of cognitive neuroscience a little further in its efforts to improve the lives of patients who have suffered a debilitating brain injury. From the Contents: Pathological mutations of nicotinic receptors & nicotine-based therapies for brain disorders.- Towards ecology of cortical organization: Experience & the changing brain.- Pain & neuroplasticity.- Auditory cortical plasticity & sensory substitution.- Functional relevance of cortical plasticity.- "Anomalous" representations & perceptions: Implications for human neuroplasticity.- Neuroplasticity in the Adjustment to blindness.- The perception of actions: Its putative effect on Neuronal plasticity.- And much more...
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Pathological Mutations of Nicotinic Receptors and NicotineBased
Pain and Neuroplasticity
7 other sections not shown
acetylcholine receptor action Aglioti allosteric amputation analgesic animals associated auditory autotomy behavioral body Braille Braille reading brain regions Brain Res cells central cerebral cortex clinical cognitive Cohen LG Congenital myasthenic syndrome contralateral cortical area cortical plasticity Decety dendritic discrimination effects experience finger fMRI Frackowiak RSJ frontal functional Grafman gyrus Ba Hallett hemisphere human brain hyperalgesia impaired increase induced injury input ipsilateral Kolb learning lesions maps mechanisms Melzack Merzenich modality modulation monkey motor cortex movements mutations nAChRs nerve neural Neurology neurons Neurophysiol neuroplasticity NeuroReport Neurosci nicotinic acetylcholine receptor normal occipital cortex parietal cortex parietal lobe Pascual-Leone patients perception performance peripheral phantom limb phantom sensations plastic changes Plaut post-operative pain prefrontal prefrontal cortex processing rats recovery reorganization representation response retraining role scanning semantic sensorimotor sensory somatosensory spinal stroke structure studies subunit synapses tactile Tallal task temporal tion transcranial magnetic stimulation visual cortex visual deprivation words