Indigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil: State Policy, Frontier Expansion, and the Xavante Indians, 1937–1988 (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Duke University Press, Aug 28, 2001 - History - 316 pages
0 Reviews
DIVIndigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil examines the dynamic interplay between the Brazilian government and the Xavante Indians of central Brazil in the context of twentieth-century western frontier expansion and the state’s indigenous policy. Offering a window onto Brazilian developmental policy in Amazonia and the subsequent process of indigenous political mobilization, Seth Garfield bridges historical and anthropological approaches to reconsider state formation and ethnic identity in twentieth-century Brazil.
Garfield explains how state officials, eager to promote capital accumulation, social harmony, and national security on the western front, sought to delimit indigenous reserves and assimilate native peoples. Yet he also shows that state efforts to celebrate Indians as primordial Brazilians and nationalist icons simultaneously served to underscore and redefine ethnic difference. Garfield explores how various other social actors—elites, missionaries, military officials, intellectuals, international critics, and the Indians themselves—strove to remold this multifaceted project. Paying particular attention to the Xavante’s methods of engaging state power after experience with exile, territorial loss, and violence in the “white” world, Garfield describes how they emerged under military rule not as the patriotic Brazilians heralded by state propagandists but as a highly politicized ethnic group clamoring for its constitutional land rights and social entitlements.
Indigenous Struggle at the Heart of Brazil will interest not only historians and anthropologists but also those studying nationbuilding, Brazil, Latin America, comparative frontiers, race, and ethnicity.
/div
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Indians and the NationState in Brazil
1
Indians and the Estado Novo 19371945
23
2 Pacifying the Xavante 19411966
45
State Efforts to Remake the Xavante 19461961
66
Land Policies inMato Grosso 19461964
89
Accommodation withWaradzu 19501964
114
New Horizons for Indigenous Policy under EarlyMilitary Rule 19641973
137
7 The Exiles Return 19721980
162
8 The Xavante Project 19781988
187
Conclusion
212
Notes
221
Bibliography
277
Index
307
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2001)

DIV

Seth Garfield is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Texas at Austin.

/div

Bibliographic information