A Greek Roman Empire: Power and Belief Under Theodosius II (408-450)

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University of California Press, 2006 - History - 279 pages
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In the first half of the fifth century, the Latin-speaking part of the Roman Empire suffered vast losses of territory to barbarian invaders. But in the Greek-speaking half of the Eastern Mediterranean, with its capital at Constantinople, there was a stable and successful system, using Latin as its official language, but communicating with its subjects in Greek. This book takes an inside look at how this system worked in the long reign of the pious Christian Emperor Theodosius II (408-50), and analyzes its largely successful defense of its frontiers, its internal coherence, and its relations with its subjects, with a flow of demands and suggestions traveling up the hierarchy to the Emperor, and a long series of laws, often set out in elaborately self-justificatory detail, addressed by the Emperor, through his officials, to the people. Above all, this book focuses on the Imperial mission to promote the unity of the Church, the State’s involvement in intensely-debated doctrinal questions, and the calling by the Emperor of two major Church Councils at Ephesus, in 431 and 449. Between the Law codes and the acts of the Church Councils, the material illustrating the working of government and the involvement of State and church, is incomparably richer, more detailed, and more vivid than for any previous period.
  

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User Review  - MarysGirl - LibraryThing

This is a research book that I found useful, but not as much as I had hoped. The author is a historian and this book is based on a series of lectures he gave as a Sather guest lecturer at Berkeley. He ... Read full review

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Contents

Roman and Greek State and Subject
1
2 IMPERIAL LEGISLATION
7
3 THEODOSIUSS GREEK EMPIRE
13
4 LATIN AND GREEK
20
5 THE GREEK CITY AND GREEK LITERARY CULTURE
25
6 LETTERS AND THE RHETORIC OF PERSUASION
34
Security and Insecurity
39
2 THE MILITARY STRUCTURE
45
6 SAMARITANS AND JEWS
123
State and Church Civil Administration Ecclesiastical Hierarchy and Spiritual Power
130
REGIONAL STRUCTURES OF HIERARCHY AND AUTHORITY
133
CONTESTED BORDERS
140
4 THEODOSIUS AND HERESY 408430
149
5 THE NESTORIAN CONTROVERSY AND THE TWO COUNCILS OF EPHESUS 431450
157
State Power and Moral Defiance Nestorius and Irenaeus
168
2 EPISCOPAL PERSUASION AND THE IMPERIAL WILL
171

3 CONSTANTINOPLE AND THE WEST
51
4 BORDER WARS IN LIBYA AND EGYPT
59
SASANIDS AND SARACENS
66
6 THE DANUBE FRONTIER AND THE HUNS
76
Integration and Diversity
84
2 GREEK AS THE LINGUA FRANCA
93
3 GREEK AND OTHER LANGUAGES AT THE CHURCH COUNCILS
97
4 THE PUBLIC ROLE AND STATUS OF SYRIAC IN THE FIFTHCENTURY CHURCH
107
5 THE EMPIRE THE CHURCH AND PAGANISM
116
RETURN TO MONASTIC LIFE CONDEMNATION AND EXILE 431436
174
4 RENEWED CONTROVERSY IMPERIAL CONDEMNATION AND POPULAR REACTION 448449
182
Persuasion Influence and Power
192
THE SUGGESTIO
207
3 IDENTIFYING POWERFUL INTERMEDIARIES
214
4 APPROACHING THE EMPEROR
224
The Acta of the FifthCentury Councils A Brief Guide for Historians
235
Verbatim Reports of Proceedings from the Reign of Theodosius II
249
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About the author (2006)

Fergus Millar is Emeritus Professor of Ancient History at the University of Oxford. He is the author of The Roman Republic in Political Thought (2002), The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic (1998), and The Roman Near East 31BC – AD 337 (1993).

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