Direct Use of the Sun's Energy

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Yale University Press, Jan 1, 1964 - Technology & Engineering - 404 pages
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Solar energy: collectors of solar radiation, cooking and heating water, agricultural and industrial drying, storage of heat, solar furnaces and engines, cooling and refrigeration, photochemical conversion, and many other uses.
  

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This was the book that started it all for me. In 1970 I was working with Panos Kokoropoulos at Southern Illinois University. Professor Kokoropoulos was a contributor to Farrington Daniels book in the area of selective surfaces. I later used this book as a solar text book for Adult education classes in solar energy at Lincoln Land Community College in Illinois. As old as it is I still think it is the best first book to start with if you are interested in solar energy. 

Contents

Introduction
1
Inflated Plastic Cylinders with Reflecting Bottoms for Generating Steam
2
Wisconsin Solar Cooker courtesy University of Wisconsin
3
Solar Cooker Suitable for Village Manufacture
4
Concrete Parabolic Mold for Plastic Collector Shells
5
Structures for Plastic Stills
6
Plastic Still in Operation
7
History
8
Agricultural and Industrial Drying
124
Storage of Heat
136
Heating Buildings
149
Distillation of Water
167
Plastic Solar Still with Sandbags
176
Concrete Still with Plastic Roof
180
Simple Plastic Still
180
EnergyFlow Diagram of BasinType Solar Still
186

Solar Steam Engine Paris
9
Solar Steam Engine Pasadena
10
Solar Radiation
20
Relative Intensity of Solar Energy at Different Wave lengths
24
Typical Solar Radiation Records
26
Energy Received from the Suns Radiation
27
Radiation Received in Late October in Wisconsin
28
Calorimeter for Focused Radiation
36
Worldwide Distribution of Solar Energy
38
Annual Sunshine in Continental United States
39
Solar Radiation East of the Rocky Mountains on December 21
40
Collectors of Solar Radiation
50
Cross Sections of Circular Solar Collectors
61
Mountings for Circular Solar Collectors
70
Mountings for Cylindrical Solar Collectors
75
Cooking
89
Method for Drawing a Parabola
97
Heating Water
104
WaterHeating Tray with Glass Cover
110
Corrugated Iron Water Heater
113
Inexpensive Solar Water Heater
117
Solar Furnaces
196
Selective Radiation Surfaces
209
Mendenhall Wedge for Comparing Emissivity of Ra diation Surfaces
217
Relative Emissivities of Black Radiator Platinum Surface and Nickel Oxide Coating
218
Paniculate Coatings
221
Principle of Cooling with Ammonia
228
Principle of Cooling with Ammonia in a Solution of Low Volatility
230
Heat Engines
246
Water Lifting by Bucket
249
Costs of Lifting Water
252
Principle of Stirling HotAir Engine
261
Stirling Engine Operating on Solar Radiation
264
Thermoelectric and Thermoionic Conversion
273
Arrangement of P and N Junctions in a Thermoelec
277
Photovoltaic Conversion
286
Principle of PN Photovoltaic Cell
288
Photochemical Conversion
299
Storage and Transportation of Power
330
Conclusions
351
Appendix
363
Copyright

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