The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region and the Strategies for Response: Summary

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Francesco Branca, Haik Nikogosian, Tim Lobstein
World Health Organization, Jan 1, 2007 - Business & Economics - 60 pages
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In a brief, clear and easily accessible way, this summary illustrates the dynamics of the obesity epidemic and its impact on public health throughout the WHO European Region, particularly in eastern countries. It describes how factors that increase the risk of obesity are shaped in different settings, such as the family, school, community and workplace. It makes both ethical and economic arguments for accelerating action against obesity, and analyses effective programs and policies in different government sectors, such as education, health, agriculture and trade, urban planning and transport. The summary also describes how to design policies and programs to prevent obesity and how to monitor progress, and calls for specific action by stakeholders: not only government sectors but also the private sector - including food manufacturers, advertisers and traders - and professional consumers' and international and intergovernmental organizations such as the European Union.
  

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Contents

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Page ii - Region embraces some 880 million people living in an area stretching from the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Mediterranean Sea in the south and from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east. The European programme of WHO supports all countries in the Region in developing and sustaining their own health policies, systems and programmes; preventing and overcoming threats to health; preparing for future health challenges; and advocating and implementing public health activities....
Page 46 - ... (e) Encourage the development of appropriate guidelines for the protection of the child from information and material injurious to his or her well-being, bearing in mind the provisions of articles 13 and 18.
Page 52 - Relationships between obesity and DSM-IV major depressive disorder, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts: Results from a general population study.
Page 53 - Obesity, 1998,22(6):578-583. 90. French SA et al. Self-esteem and obesity in children and adolescents: a literature review. Obesity Research, 1995,3:479-490. 91. Falkner NH et al. Social, educational, and psychological correlates of weight status in adolescents. Obesity Research, 2001, 9:32-42. 92. McElroy SL et al. Are mood disorders and obesity related? A review for the mental health professional. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2004, 65(5):634-651.
Page 51 - Bell EA, Rolls BJ. Energy density of foods affects energy intake across multiple levels of fat content in lean and obese women.
Page 51 - Consumption of vegetables, fruit and other plant foods in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts from 10 European countries. Public Health Nutrition, 2002,5:1179-1196.
Page 52 - G et al. Review of research on the effects of food promotion to children. Final report.
Page 54 - Welwyn Garden City, Mouchel Parkman Services, 2003 (http://www. walkingbus.com) . 122. Wardle J et al. Mass education for obesity prevention: the penetration of the BBC's "Fighting Fat, Fighting Fit" campaign. Health Education Research, 2001, 16:343-355. 123. Guidance on the use of sibutramine for the treatment of obesity in adults. London, National Institute for Clinical Excellence, 2001 (Technology Appraisal Guidance No.31). 124. Guidance on the use of orlistat for the treatment of obesity in adults....
Page 53 - Nutrition, 2004, 58:510-522. 99. Damon S et al. PRESTO - Prevention study of obesity: a project to prevent obesity during childhood and adolescence. Acta Paediatrica, 2005, 94(Suppl. 448):47-48. 100. Mamalakis G et al. Obesity indices in a cohort of primary school children in Crete: a six year prospective study. International Journal of Obesity, 2000, 24:765-771. 101. Manios Y et al. Health and nutrition education in primary schools of Crete: changes in chronic disease risk factors following a 6-year...
Page 52 - Lobstein T, Dibb S. Evidence of a possible link between obesogenic food advertising and child overweight. Obesity Reviews, 2005, 6:203-208.

About the author (2007)

F. Branca

H. Nikogosian

T. Lobstein

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