Environmental Costs and Liberalization in European Air Transport: A Welfare Economic Analysis
. . . the author makes an interesting contribution to the international aviation literature. This book should be on the reading list of anybody with a serious interest in (the environmental impact of) aviation. Eric Pels, Journal of Air Transport Management The author makes a timely contribution to the literature by examining the impacts of regulatory reform on airline market structure and competition, as well as on the environmental costs of air travel. This book is an informative and scholarly piece that provides a forthright assessment of the gains and losses to be expected from airline market reform. Robin Lindsey, University of Alberta, Canada With air transport becoming an increasingly vital part of the economy, the regulatory reform of this market has been a major development in European political economy. This book focuses on two market failures within the airline industry market power and environmental externalities and analyses how they have been affected by deregulation. The author employs economic models complemented by extensive empirical research, to demonstrate how the introduction of competition, brought about by liberalization, has resulted in considerable consumer benefits. The author argues that these benefits, such as increased choice through the expansion of operations, must be off set against increased environmental costs including greater noise pollution and emissions, not to mention the reduction of profits that often accompany market liberalization. In the process the book tackles a number of important issues including the background and history of airline regulation in the EU, the basic policy trade-off between monopoly power and external costs, monetary valuation of externalities, and the relationship between airline scheduling and external costs. Perhaps surprisingly, the author concludes that even in the presence of environmental costs, the introduction of competition in airline markets has resulted in net welfare improvements. Policymakers, as well as practitioners and researchers of environmental and transport economics, should draw great value from this original and pertinent volume.
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List of figures
List of tables
Regulation and reform in aviation
12 other sections not shown
accident risk aggregate air pollution air transport markets aircraft categories aircraft emissions aircraft movements aircraft noise aircraft types airline liberalization airline markets airline regulation airport analysis analyzed assumption average aviation behavior bilateral calculated Chapter coefficient configuration connecting passengers consumer surplus consumer welfare decrease departure frequency deregulation derived difference discussed dummy duopoly economic effect of liberalization elastic endpoints entry environmental cost estimates equation evaluation external costs external effects fare flight frequency frequency and price frequency choice Furthermore global warming impact increase inelastic demand marginal damage market failure meta-analysis monopoly Nash equilibrium negative noise annoyance noise costs noise levels number of aircraft number of firms OECD oligopoly operating parameters Paris-Brussels particular passenger number percent problem profit profit-maximizing regulatory reform respect routes sample schedule delay cost SSME studies symmetric symmetric equilibrium SZPE valuation results variables VOSL welfare economic welfare effects
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