Atheism, Morality, and Meaning
Despite the pluralism of contemporary American culture, the Judaeo-Christian legacy still has a great deal of influence on the popular imagination. Thus it is not surprising that in this context atheism has a slightly scandalous ring, and unbelief is often associated with lack of morality and a meaningless existence. Distinguished philosopher and committed atheist Michael Martin sets out to refute this notion in this thorough defense of atheism as a both moral and meaningful philosophy of life. Martin shows not only that objective morality and a meaningful life are possible without belief in God but that the predominantly Christian world view of American society is seriously flawed as the basis of morality and meaning.
Divided into four parts, this cogent and tightly argued treatise begins with a refutation of well-known criticisms of nonreligious ethics and then develops an atheistic meta-ethics. In Part 2, Martin criticizes the Christian foundation of ethics, specifically the Divine Command Theory and the idea of imitating the life of Jesus as the basis of Christian morality. Part 3 demonstrates that life can be meaningful in the absence of religious belief. Part 4 criticizes the theistic point of view in general terms as well as the specific Christian doctrines of the Atonement, Salvation, and the Resurrection.
This highly informed and sophisticated defense of atheism is a stimulating challenge to religious believers and a serious contribution to ethical theory.
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - LibraryThing
Much more accessible than many of Martin's other books, because there is a great deal less of the dense philosophical argumentation. It's much more straightforward.
Review: Atheism, Morality, and MeaningUser Review - Goodreads
Although Michael Martin's refutation of divine command theory and ethics derived from theism is great, I'm not entirely convinced about his ethical theory. Maybe I have misunderstood it and it deserves another reading. I'm going to read JL Mackie's book on ethics to see what he has to say.
Atheists: A Groundbreaking Study of America's Nonbelievers
Bruce E. Hunsberger,Bob Altemeyer
Limited preview - 2006
THE CHRISTIAN FOUNDATION OF MORALITY
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