Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean World: Lodging, Trade, and Travel in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
The Greek pandocheion, Arabic funduq, and Latin fundicum (fondaco) were ubiquitous in the Mediterranean sphere for nearly two millennia. These institutions were not only hostelries for traders and travelers, but also taverns, markets, warehouses, and sites for commercial taxation and regulation. In this highly original study, Professor Constable traces the complex evolution of this family of institutions from the pandocheion in Late Antiquity, to the appearance of the funduq throughout the Muslim Mediterranean following the rise of Islam. By the twelfth century, with the arrival of European merchants in Islamic markets, the funduq evolved into the fondaco. These merchant colonies facilitated trade and travel between Muslim and Christian regions. Before long, fondacos also appeared in southern European cities. This study of the diffusion of this institutional family demonstrates common economic interests and cross-cultural communications across the medieval Mediterranean world, and provides a striking contribution to our understanding of this region.
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a crosscultural institution
The transition from Byzantium to the Dar alIsldm
Commerce charity community and thefanduq
western Christian trade
the case of Iberia
Fondacos in Sicily south Italy and the Crusader states
administration Al-Maqrizi Aleppo Alexandria Alfonso alhondiga Arabic Aragonese Ayyubid building Byzantine Cairo Castile Catalan Christian merchants church commercial spaces consul contemporary Crusader Damascus document earlier early economic Egypt example facilities fifteenth century Fondaco dei Tedeschi fondaco in Alexandria fondacos in Tunis fondechs foreign foundax fourteenth century function fundicarius funduq Genoa Genoese Genoese fondaco grain granted Greek Hafsid hostelries hostels houses Ibn Hawqal Ibn Jubayr inscription institution Islamic world Italian James Jewish Kitab later Latin lodging loggia Mamluk markets Marseille medieval Mediterranean world mentioned mosque Muslim Muslim cities official oven pandocheion period pilgrims Pisa Pisan ports realms of Arag6n regions regulations rented Repartimiento revenues rulers Seville Sicily Spain storage sultan Syria Tafel and Thomas taxes term thirteenth century trade traffic trans travelers treaty Tunis twelfth century Umayyad University Press urban Valencia Venetian Venetian fondaco Venice wakalas waqf warehouses western fondacos western merchants wine xenodocheion
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Shopping in the Renaissance: Consumer Cultures in Italy 1400-1600
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Limited preview - 2005