Progress Through the Grades of City Schools: A Study of Acceleration and Arrest (Google eBook)

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Teachers College, Columbia university, 1911 - Children with disabilities - 79 pages
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Page 4 - First grade Second grade Third grade Fourth grade Fifth grade Sixth grade Seventh grade...
Page 62 - ... of City Schools. Teachers College Contributions to Education. No. 42. NY, 1911. "Arrest is most likely to follow too early or too late entrance to school. Fifty percent of all children who enter grade one before the age of five years met arrest at some place in the course; likewise 46 percent of those entering between seven and seven and one-half years, and 49 percent of all entrants over seven and one-half years, become arrests. ' ' The general outcome of this investigation is to establish...
Page 33 - Practically all children who begin the first grade after reaching their seventh birthday, or before reaching their fifth, may be expected to lose a year during some part of their grammar-school course." "Of all who enter the first grade under five years of age only one in nine gains a grade during the course. Of those who enter during their fifth year, one in four makes such a gain; while more than one in every three who enter after reaching their sixth birthday gain a year at some time during the...
Page 63 - Of the whole number of arrests, 21 per cent do better after repeating than before ; 39 per cent show no change ; and 40 per cent actually do worse.1 The second study was made in 1927-28 in the Long Beach, California, schools. This study is so significant that a description of the plan of the experiment and the conclusions are given. This study was undertaken during the school year 1927-28 because of a growing feeling that repeating a grade...
Page 33 - ... first grade under five years of age only one in nine gains a grade during the course. Of those who enter during their fifth year, one in four makes such a gain; while more than one in every three who enter after reaching their sixth birthday gain a year at some time during the course. ' ' But ' ' this does not mean that there is no gain in starting children to school at an early age if they are psychologically fit, ' ' inasmuch as "60 percent of the early entrants preserve the advantage of the...
Page 21 - This loss of time, under the general acceptance and rigid enforcement in the community of the laws requiring constant attendance and prohibiting child labor, is practically a measure of the amount of illness in all the grades from two to eight inclusive...
Page 58 - ... course. The number of such pupils is so considerable as to demand that *"" special provision be made in every school system for freeing their progress through the schools. This service, whether it is to be rendered by special teachers or special classes and in a differentiated curriculum, is too important for society to neglect.
Page 16 - ... because the parents do not want to send a small child a long distance to school, do not start until they are seven or more years old. Many of these children are never able to make up this initial retardation. Children who enter school at a very young age may also have difficulties. Keyes...
Page 58 - The experience under consideration shows that under the conditions described the middle grades of our schools are places of large opportunity for giving the superior pupil a chance to work up to the healthful limit of his better powers. Less than this is not education in the true sense.
Page 33 - ... birthday, or before reaching their fifth, may be expected to lose a year during some part of their grammar-school course." "Of all who enter the first grade under five years of age only one in nine gains a grade during the course. Of those who enter during their fifth year, one in four makes such a gain; while more than one in every three who enter after reaching their sixth birthday gain a year at some time during the course." But "this does not mean that there is no gain in starting children...

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