Positive Behavior Support for People with Developmental Disabilities: A Research Synthesis

Front Cover
Edward G. Carr
AAMR, 1999 - Education - 108 pages
0 Reviews
This book, prepared in response to a request from the United States Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, reviews the published literature on positive behavior interventions and uses this database to provide four main content areas for research. Positive behavior support (PBS) is defined as an approach for dealing with problem behavior that focuses on the remediation of deficient contexts (such as environmental conditions and/or behavioral repertoires) that by functional assessment are documented to be the source of the problem. The research published on PBS between 1985 and 1996 (n=107 articles) was reviewed with respect to four categories of variables: demographics, assessment practices, intervention strategies, and outcomes. Results indicated that: (1) PBS is widely applicable to people with serious problem behavior; (2) the field is growing rapidly overall, but especially in the use of assessment and in interventions that focus on correcting environmental deficiencies; (3) using stringent criteria of success, PBS is effective in reducing problem behavior in one-half to two-thirds of cases; (4) success rates nearly double when intervention is based on a prior functional assessment; and (5) consumer needs that emphasize comprehensive lifestyle support, long-term change, practicality and relevance, and direct support for consumers themselves are inadequately addressed by the research base. Recommendations are made for bridging the research-to-practice gap. (Contains more than 300 references.) (Author/CR)
  

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

METHODS
11
Journals examined and number of articles included and excluded
22
Criteria used to exclude articles from the database
23
Relationship between outcomes and participants
25
RESULTS
27
Characteristics of participants intervention agents and settings
28
How Effective Is PBS?
43
Distribution of outcome effectiveness
44
Generalization measures of outcome effectiveness
47
Maintenance measures of outcome effectiveness
48
Relationship between demographic variables and outcome effectiveness
51
Relationship between assessment variables and outcome effectiveness
52
Relationship between systemschange variables and outcome effectiveness
54
DISCUSSION
57
SUMMARY
81
REFERENCES
87

Success rates for PBS interventions pooled across outcomes
45
Types of nonPBS interventions used
46

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page ii - Portions of this paper were presented at the annual meeting of the...

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (1999)

Carr, Leading Professor, Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Stony Brook.

Bibliographic information