Climate System Modeling
Kevin E. Trenberth
Cambridge University Press, 1992 - Science - 788 pages
This interdisciplinary volume aimed at graduate students and researchers provides a thorough grounding in the tools necessary for an appreciation of climate change and its implications. It discusses not only the primary concepts involved but also the mathematical, physical, chemical and biological basis for the component models and the sources of uncertainty, the assumptions made and the approximations introduced. Climate System Modeling addresses all aspects of the climate system: the atmosphere and the oceans, the cryosphere, terrestrial ecosystems and the biosphere, land surface processes and global biogeochemical cycles. As a comprehensive text it will appeal to students and researchers concerned with any aspect of climatology and the study of related topics in the broad earth and environmental sciences.
Human components of the climate system
The ocean circulation
absorption aerosols AGCMs albedo atmospheric CO2 atmospheric model average boundary conditions boundary layer calculated canopy carbon dioxide CFCs Chapter chemical circulation models climate change climate models climate system cloud coefficient components computational concentration constant convective coupled model cycle decrease diffusion distribution dynamics Earth ecosystems eddy effects emissions energy balance ENSO equations equilibrium euphotic zone evapotranspiration feedback forcing function glacier global gradient greenhouse gases grid heat flux heat transport horizontal ice sheet important increase infrared integration interactions large-scale latent heat latitude leaf longwave mechanisms methane mixed layer momentum motion numerical nutrient observed ocean circulation ocean model ozone parameterizations parameters photosynthesis physical phytoplankton precipitation prediction pressure primitive equations processes radiative regions salinity scales sea ice sensible heat simulation solution spatial stratosphere stress surface temperature thermal thermocline thermodynamic thermohaline circulation transfer tropical troposphere values variability vegetation velocity vertical warming water vapor wind zonal