Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety:: A Proceedings, Part 3

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National Academies Press, Aug 18, 1997 - Technology & Engineering - 158 pages
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The reduction of the fire hazard of fuel is critical to improving survivability in impact-survivable aircraft accidents. Despite current fire prevention and mitigation approaches, fuel flammability can overwhelm post-crash fire scenarios. The Workshop on Aviation Fuels with Improved Fire Safety was held November 19-20, 1996 to review the current state of development, technological needs, and promising technology for the future development of aviation fuels that are most resistant to ignition during a crash. This book contains a summary of workshop discussions and 11 presented papers in the areas of fuel and additive technologies, aircraft fuel system requirements, and the characterization of fuel fires.

  

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Contents

Background and Historical Perspective
3
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION RESEARCH ON FUEL FIRE SAFETY
4
POLICY CONTEXT
6
Workshop Discussions
7
AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
8
CHARACTERIZING FUEL FIRES
10
FIRE INERTING AND SUPPRESSION TECHNOLOGIES
11
COST CONSIDERATIONS
12
Rheology Tools and Methods
31
Jet Fuel Chemistry and Formulation
47
Concepts for SafeFuel Technology
53
Engine Fuel System Design Issues
61
Applications of Vulnerability Analysis and Test Methods to Aircraft Design
65
Aircraft Fuel System Design Issues
73
Combustion Fluid Mechanics Tools and Methods
81
Fundamentals of Fuel Ignition and Flammability
97

Summary of Progress and Opportunities
13
AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
14
GENERAL CONCEPTS
15
Potential Surfactant Additives The Search for the Oxymoron
19
Fire Safety in Military Aircraft Fuel Systems
21
PostCrash Fuel Dispersal
107
Workshop Participants
123
New Concepts in Fuel Fire Research Final Summary Report of ShortTerm Advisory Services STAS Team
125
Biographical Sketches of the Committee Members and Technical Consultant
141
Copyright

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