Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity
Bathing in antiquity elevates a prosaic function to the level of a civic institution for which there is no counterpart in contemporary culture. Enriched by over 500 illustrations, many of them by the author, Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity is an important sourcebook for this ancient institution. Through hundreds of examples, it reviews and analyzes the structure, function, and design of baths, seeking to integrate their architecture with the wider social and cultural custom of bathing, and examining in particular the changes this custom underwent in Late Antiquity and in Byzantine and Islamic cultures.
Yegul explores the complexities of ancient bathing from several points of view. Sociologically, the baths with their vast appeal for all levels of society - were seen as the epitome of democratic ideals and institutions. Politically, they provided the perfect vehicle of propaganda: their lavish and magnificent interiors reflected the might and prosperity of the Roman empire and the apparent generosity of the emperor himself.
Architecturally, baths are at the vanguard in the development of Roman building technology. Some of the earliest uses of concrete as a building material and the most innovative applications of the aesthetics of concrete - bold, curvilinear forms, vaults, and domes involved bath buildings. Because of their status as transition between purely utilitarian structures and the more conservative, traditional forms of public and religious architecture, the baths helped to propagate and make acceptable new ideas and new styles in architecture.
Fikret K. Yegul is a practicing architect, Professor of the History of Architecture, and Chair of the Art History Department at the University of California at Santa Barbara.
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Bathing and Baths in the Roman World
The Origins and Early Development
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ancient apodyterium apse apsidal Aqua arches architectural ashlar Asia Minor athletic axis Baiae barrel-vaulted bath block bath complex bath-gymnasium complex bathing establishment bathing halls brick building caldarium central century B.C. chamber circular colonnaded connected courtyard cross-vaulted decorated display domed East Baths elements entrance Ephesus excavated exedra flanked floor Forum Baths frigidarium functions furnace Greek gymnasium gymnasia gymnasium Hadrianic heated halls Hellenistic hot baths hypocaust idem imperial thermae imperial type inscription Kaiserthermen Krencker laconicum Lambaesis Large Baths marble meters Miletus mosaic natatio niches North Baths Ostia palaestra Pergamon piers Plan Yegiil Pompeii pool projecting public baths rectangular hall Restored Roman baths Rome roof rotunda Sardis semicircular side Small Baths South Baths southwest space square Stabian Baths structure tepidarium terrace Thermae of Caracalla Thermae of Diocletian Thermae of Trajan thermo-mineral Timgad tion trans vaulted villa Vitruvius walls West Baths