S-stem nouns and adjectives in Greek and Proto-Indo-European: a diachronic study in word formation
This book deals with one aspect of Greek and Proto-Indo-European nominal morphology, the formation, inflection and semantics of s-stem nouns and adjectives. It uncovers the mechanisms of their creation and shows their limitation. The established view that the nouns are an unproductive category is challenged; at the same time, the expanding and partly changing nature of the basis governing the creation of the adjectives is explained. Morphology and semantics are studied in tandem, and a large chronological span of the Greek language is covered. The historical side is then extended into prehistory, and in particular the Greek evidence is tested against recent theories on Proto-Indo-European ablaut, leading to a reassessment of the morphonological characteristics in question.
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The Neuter Sstem Nouns
The Animate Sstem Nouns
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ablaut abstract nouns accent adjectival adjectives in ijs Aeolic Aeschylus akrostatic alongside alternation analogical animate s-stem aorist argued attested Attic Avestan back-formation bahuvrihis Caland Chantraine 1933 Classical clear clearly compound adjectives derived deverbative e-grade early etymology evidence EWAia example existence explained fact feminine fidpos forms frequent full grade Greek hapax Hellenistic Hesiod holokinetic Homer Hsch Indo-European Indo-European languages Indo-Iranian inflection inflectional paradigm inherited inner-Greek irddos irevdos later lexical long vowel look masc meaning morphological Mycenaean Narten neuter nouns neuter s-stem nouns nom./acc nominal occurs onwards original oxytone paradigm paradigmatic parent language Parmentier personal names peyos plural rdxos reconstruction Risch root noun s-stem adjectives s-stem compounds s-stem formations Sanskrit Schindler secondarily secondary seems semantic sigmatic simple adjectives simple s-stem adjectives stative stem suffix thematic verbal verbs word formation zero grade