Centres of Plant Diversity: The Americas
Stephen D. Davis, Vernon Hilton Heywood, Alan Charles Hamilton, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and ICUN - World Conservation Union, 1994 - Nature - 562 pages
The rationale for this work covering nearly 250 major sites for conservation of plant diversity is concern about rapid global loss and degradation of natural ecosystems. By highlighting areas of prime botanical importance, it is hoped that their conservation will be ensured by an adequate commitment of resources. Selection of the sites is based both on floristic statistics and on detailed first-hand knowledge of numerous botanists. Each site's Data Sheet includes regional context, and outlines wider patterns of plant distributions, threats and conservation efforts; additional sites are also mentioned.This work is essential reading for all those concerned with planning land use strategies for conservation and development. WWF and IUCN hope that this global assessment will be followed by further local assessments, so that the vital task of conservation of plant diversity can be well integrated into national and regional conservation and development strategies.
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agriculture alrets Altitude Amazon Amazonia Andean annual Antilles Asteraceae Baja California Basin biodiversity Biological Biosphere Reserve birds Botanical Brazil caatinga Caribbean Central America centre cerrado Cerro Chile climate cloud forest coast coastal Colombia conservation Cordillera Costa Rica Data Sheet deciduous deforestation Desert dominated dry forest eastern ecological ecosystems Ecuador Endemic Bird Area endemic species environmental extends flora floristic genera Gentry grassland Guatemala habitats Highlands humid important indigenous Instituto islands IUCN Jamaica Leguminosae lowland Manaus Melastomataceae Mexico montane mountains National Park natural neotropical northern number of species occur Pacific palm Panama paramo Peru phytogeographic Pinus population Prance protected areas province Quercus rain forest rainfall range region River Rubiaceae savanna scrub serpentine Serra do Japi shrubs Sierra slopes soils South America southern taxa threatened Threats timber Tropical America Universidad Valley vascular plants vegetation types vernal pools western zone