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Mustered out at Fort Seldon, N. M., April 20, 1866, expiration of term of service.
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., April 20, 1866, ex-
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., May 6, 1886, ex-
Mustered out at Albuquerque, N. M., Sept. 30, 1866,
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., April 4, 1866,
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., May 6,1866, expi-
Mustered out at San Francisco, Dec. 31, 1866, with de-
Mustered out at t Selden, N. M., April 25, 1860,
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., April 20, 1860,
Mustered out at Fort Yuma, Cal., Mar. 19,1866, services
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., April 6,1866, expi-
Mustered out at Fort Selden, N. M., March 15, 1866,
168 RECORD OF CALIFORNIA TROOPS.
THE SECOND REGIMENT OF CAVALRY.
This regiment was organized under the President's second call upon the State for troops, for which see page 12. The call was dated Washington, August 14,1861, and by October 30,1861, the regiment was organized and mustered into the service.
The companies were first assembled at Camp Alert, San Francisco, which was located on the ground now inclosed by Mission, Folsom, Twenty-fourth, and Twenty-sixth Streets, then known as the Pioneer Race Track.
The first Colonel of the regiment was Andrew J. Smith. His record in the army is as follows: Born in Pennsylvania; Cadet United States Military Academy, July 1, 1834; graduated, and appointed Second Lieutenant First United States Dragoons, July 1, 1838; First Lieutenant, March 4, 1845; Captain, February 16,1847; Major First Cavalry, May 13, 1861; Colonel Second California Cavalry, October 2, 1861; resigned November IS, 1861; Lieutenant-Colonel, Fifth United States Cavalry, May 9, 1864; Colonel Seventh Cavalry, July 28, 1866; Brigadier-General of Volunteers, March 17, 1862; Major-General, May 12, 1864; honorably mustered out of volunteer service, January 15, 1866; resigned his rank in regular army, May 6, 1869; reappointed Colonel United States Cavalry, January 5, 1889; retired January 25, 1889. General Smith took part in all the great battles in the West.
Columbus Sims was the second Colonel of the regiment, and served as such from November 13, 1861, to January 31, 1863. He was succeeded by Colonel Geo. S. Evans, from February 1, 1863, to May 31, 1863, when he resigned. He was afterwards elected State Senator, and served three terms as such. He was appointed Adjutant-General of the State May 1, 1864, and served in that office until April 30, 1868. Edward McGarry was Colonel of the regiment from November 29,1864, to the muster out of the regimental organization, March 31, 1866.
After completing the organization of the regiment, and a short period for drill and discipline, the regiment was sent, by companies, to various stations.
Regimental headquarters went first to Utah Territory, and after remaining there until October, 1864, was removed to Camp Union, near Sacramento, and remained there until the final muster out of the regiment as an organization, in March, 1866.
Company A went first to Fort Churchill, Nevada, then to Utah Territory, where it remained until December, 1864, when it took station at Camp Union, Sacramento, about which time the terms of service of most of its members expired and the company was reorganized by ree'nlistment of many of its old members and the enlistment of recruits enough to fill up the company to the required number. In September, 1865, it marched to Fort Miller, in Fresno County, and in November, 1865, it marched to Camp Babbitt, near Visalia, where it remained
SECOND REGIMENT OF CAVALRY. 169
until ordered to Camp Union, near Sacramento, for muster out, in April, 1866.
Company B was ordered to the southern part of the State, and became part of Carleton's "California Column," and marched with that command to New Mexico. In the spring of 1864 it returned to California, and was mustered out as a company at San Francisco, October 10,1864. The company that performed the above mentioned service was under command of Captain John C. Cremony. After the muster out of the original Company B, a new Company B was organized, and Captain Cremony having been promoted Major, George D. Conrad became Captain of the company. The new company remained at Camp Union, Sacramento, until June, 1865, when it moved to Dun Glen, Nevada, where it served until mustered out in the spring of 1866.
Company C served at Fort Crook, Humboldt County, California, nearly the whole of the time it was in the service. When the terms of its original members expired in the fall of 1864, they were mustered out at Fort Crook, and the company was filled up by enlistment of recruits in San Francisco. It was finally mustered out at Sacramento in May, 1866.
Company D, after leaving Camp Alert, went to Camp Independence, in Owens River Valley, remaining there until August, 1863; then to Fort Tejon, Kern County, California, until March, 1864, when it moved to Camp Union, where the original members were mustered out, upon the expiration of their respective terms, during the months of September and October, 1864. The company was then reorganized by Captain W. L. Knight, and after serving a short time at Camp Union, Sacramento, and Camp Jackson, in Amador County, went to Colusa; then to Red Bluff, and finally, in July, 1865, to Smoke Creek, Nevada, where it remained until ordered in to be mustered out at Camp Union, May 29, 1866.
Company E, after leaving Camp Alert, went first to Fort Humboldt, Humboldt County, remaining there until the spring of 1862. No record of the stations of this company can be found from February, 1862, until April, 1863, at which time it was at Camp Independence, Owens River Valley. During July, 1863, it went to Fort Tejon, and in August, 1863, to Camp Babbitt, near Visalia, where it remained until November, 1865. The original members were mustered out in San Francisco, October 6, 1864. After leaving Camp Babbitt the company was stationed again at Camp Independence, until it was ordered to San Francisco to be mustered out, which took place June 2,1866.
Company F was organized in Sacramento, and was first called the "Sacramento Rangers." After the completion of the organization at Camp Alert it was stationed at various places, having served at Camp Union, Fort Bidwell, Bear Valley, Cal., Fort Crook, Smoke Creek, Nev., and Goose Lake, Cal. About one third of the company, under a Lieutenant, was kept in San Francisco as a provost guard most of the time that the company was in the service. This company furnished a large number of officers for other companies and regiments of the California Volunteers, fourteen of the enlisted men having been commissioned as officers from it. The terms of service of the original members having expired, they were mustered out at San Francisco, September 24, 1864; the company was again filled up, and was finally mustered out at Sacramento, June 27, 1866.
Company G, after its organization at Camp Alert, was sent to Camp
170 RECORD OF CALIFORNIA TROOPS.
Drum, where it remained about a month; then went to Camp Latham, near Los Angeles. There is no record showing how long it remained at Camp Latham, nor of the time between February 28, 1862, when it was at the latter place, and April 30,1863, at which time it was stationed at Camp Independence, Owens Valley. During August, 1863, the company moved to Camp Leonard, Cal., where it remained for two months; then went to Fort Tejon, remaining three months; thence to Camp Babbitt, near Visalia, where it remained from January, 1864, to August, 1864, taking up the march for San Francisco to be mustered out. The original members were mustered out during the months of September and October, 1864. The company was again filled up, and was stationed at Camp Union from October, 1864, to March, 1865; then it was in camp near Hornitos, Mariposa County, for one month; then at Camp Union until February 1, 1866, when it was finally mustered out.
Company H, after organization at Camp Alert, was sent to Fort Churchill, Nevada, where it was stationed during the months of January and February, 1862. There are no records of the stations of this company from February 28, 1862, until April 30, 1864, when we find it stationed at Camp Relief, U. T., and from May to August, 1864, at Camp Conness, I. T., and at Camp Douglas, U. T., during September, 1864. The terms of service of most of the original members expired during the months of September and October, and they were mustered out at Camp Douglas. The remaining men were marched to Camp Union, Sacramento, where the company was recruited up, and remained on duty there during the months of December, 1864, January, February, and March, 1865; on provost guard duty in the City of Sacramento during the months of April, May, June, July, and August, when it was ordered to Drum Barracks, Los Angeles County, arriving there about October 1, 1865, where it remained until its final muster out, April 20, 1866; a detachment, however, seems to have been stationed in San Francisco, where it was mustered out at the Presidio, April 26, 1866.
Company I was organized at Camp Alert. It was sent first to Camp Drum, where it was stationed during January, 1862, and at Camp Latham, near Los Angeles, in February, 1862. From February, 1862, to April, 1863, there is no record. On April 30, 1863, the company was at Camp Babbitt, near Visalia, where it remained until January, 1864; it then marched to Benicia Barracks, where it was stationed during March, April, and May; thence to Camp Bid well, near Chico, where it remained from June, 1864, to May, 1865. During June and July it was en route to Camp McDermit, Nevada, where it remained until it was ordered in for final muster out at Sacramento, June 24, 1866. The terms of most of the original members expired in September, and they were discharged in San Francisco from October 1 to October 7, 1864.
Company K was at Camp Alert until February 28,1862. There is no report showing when the company left that post nor where it served for more than a year. We find it next at Fort Ruby, Nev., March 31, 1863; it was then stationed at Deep Creek, U. T., Government Springs, U. T., Cedar Swamp, U. T., Fort Ruby again, Farmington, U. T., and Camp Douglas—about a month at each place. It was stationed at Camp Douglas from November, 1863, until April, 1864; it then moved to various places: Camp Relief, U. T., Canon Creek, I. T., Camp Conness, I. T., Farmington, U. T., and Camp Douglas again, arriving at the latter place about the last of September, 1864, where nearly all of the original mem