The Visual Language of Comics: Introduction to the Structure and Cognition of Sequential Images. (Google eBook)
Drawings and sequential images are an integral part of human expression dating back at least as far as cave paintings, and in contemporary society appear most prominently in comics. Despite this fundamental part of human identity, little work has explored the comprehension and cognitive underpinnings of visual narratives until now.
This work presents a provocative theory: that drawings and sequential images are structured the same as language. Building on contemporary theories from linguistics and cognitive psychology, it argues that comics are written in a visual language of sequential images that combines with text. Like spoken and signed languages, visual narratives use a lexicon of systematic patterns stored in memory, strategies for combining these patterns into meaningful units, and a hierarchic grammar governing the combination of sequential images into coherent expressions. Filled with examples and illustrations, this book details each of these levels of structure, explains how cross-cultural differences arise in diverse visual languages of the world, and describes what the newest neuroscience research reveals about the brain s comprehension of visual narratives. From this emerges the foundation for a new line of research within the linguistic and cognitive sciences, raising intriguing questions about the connections between language and the diversity of humans expressive behaviours in the mind and brain.
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1 Introducing Visual Language
SECTION 1 Structur e of visual language
Panels and Constructions
Discourse and Film
5 Navigation of External Compositional Structure
Languages versus dialects
8 Japanese Visual Language
Influence in Japan and abroad
9 Central Australian Visual Language
Lexicon and morphology
action stars American comics American Visual Language appear aspects bound morphemes broader carriers CAVL Chapter characters closed-class cognitive Cohn combine constituents constraints context conventionalized create cultural deleted depict dialect discussed domains ECSPR Erik Larsen example fight clouds Figure film focus graphic structure horizontal iconic impact stars infer Initial interaction Japanese manga Japanese Visual Language layouts lexicon linguistics Macros McCloud meaning meaningful Mike Mignola modality Monos morphemes morphology motion lines Munn N400 effect narrative categories narrative structure object OEL manga Osamu Tezuka panel transitions path line patterns Peak peopleís personís phase production script readers reduplication relationships representations sand drawings Savage Dragon scene schemas Scott Pilgrim semantic Semiotics sentences sequence of images sequential images shots sign language similar spatial speech balloons Stan Sakai strips style suppletion systematic theory types upfixes Usagi Yojimbo verbal language viewpoint Visual Narrative Grammar visual-graphic whole Wilkins Z-path