Grounding Cognition: The Role of Perception and Action in Memory, Language, and Thinking (Google eBook)
Diane Pecher, Rolf A. Zwaan
Cambridge University Press, Jan 10, 2005 - Psychology
One of the key questions in cognitive psychology is how people represent knowledge about concepts such as football or love. Some researchers have proposed that concepts are represented in human memory by the sensorimotor systems that underlie interaction with the outside world. These theories represent developments in cognitive science to view cognition no longer in terms of abstract information processing, but in terms of perception and action. In other words, cognition is grounded in embodied experiences. Studies show that sensory perception and motor actions support understanding of words and object concepts. Moreover, even understanding of abstract and emotion concepts can be shown to rely on more concrete, embodied experiences. Finally, language itself can be shown to be grounded in sensorimotor processes. This book brings together theoretical arguments and empirical evidence from several key researchers in this field to support this framework.
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abstract concepts ABSURDIST action activation actual alignment amodal anaphoric associated axis angle Barsalou behavior bias bodily body Borghi Brain Cambridge Carlson Chicago clusters coding Cognitive Grammar Cognitive Linguistics Cognitive Science Cognitive Semantics conceptual metaphors concrete concepts construal construction coreference correspondence deixis described domains effect elements embodied emotions empiricism entity evidence example experience fictive Figure functional geometric Gibbs Glenberg grounded Hypothesis image schemas imagery input interaction introspective Journal Kaschak Lakoff Langacker language comprehension lexical located object MacWhinney manipulation meaning memory mental moral cognition motor neutral noun orientation participants patterns people’s Perceptual symbol perspective placements polysemy predicted processing properties psycholinguistic Psychology reference object relations relevant represent representations response Richardson role scanning semantic sensorimotor sentences shift similar simulation situation space spatial term specific Spivey structure symbol grounding Talmy Tanenhaus task theory tion typically understanding verbs visual visual perception words Yaxley Zwaan