Networks of Empire: The US State Department's Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950-1970
Exchange programmes have been a part of U.S. foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives. This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State's most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential 'opinion leaders' to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country. By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US 'informal empire' and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.
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Introduction Networks of Empire
The History of US Government Exchanges
Implementing the Leader Program
The Trade Unions
The Early 1960s
Steering Bilateral Relations in the Vietnam Era
The Foreign Leader Program in France 195070
Amsterdam Annual Report Atlantic Box 317 Folder British Bureau Cold War Committee communist Conservative MP contacts Country Files Country Plan Cultural Affairs Cultural Diplomacy Department Decimal File Deputy Director Dutch economic Editor Educational and Cultural Educational Exchange Program Embassy The Hague European Foreign Affairs Foreign Leader Program foreign policy France French Fulbright Fulbright Program Goedhart Group IV Box Hague to Dept Hans van Mierlo Het Parool Het Vrije Volk influence Institute interest interview Journalist July June Ketzel Koedijk Labour MP Landre Leader grant Lot File March Mary Pos Ministry National Archives Reel NATO Nederland Netherlands Office organisation Paris party political position Press Professor propaganda public diplomacy PvdA Reinink role Secretary social Socialist Soviet Specialists tion tour trade union Tyler United University USIS Vrij Nederland Washington DC WEAC Western Europe XVI Box 317 Youth