Networks of Empire: The US State Department's Foreign Leader Program in the Netherlands, France, and Britain 1950-1970

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Peter Lang, 2008 - History - 514 pages
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Exchange programmes have been a part of U.S. foreign relations since the nineteenth century, but it was only during and after World War II that they were applied by the US government on a large scale to influence foreign publics in support of strategic objectives. This book looks at the background, organisation, and goals of the Department of State's most prestigious activity in this field, the Foreign Leader Program. The Program (still running as the International Visitor Leadership Program) enabled US Embassies to select and invite talented, influential 'opinion leaders' to visit the United States, meet their professional counterparts, and gain a broad understanding of American attitudes and opinions from around the country. By tracking the operation of the Program in three key transatlantic allies of the United States a full picture is given of who was selected and why, and how the target groups changed over time in line with a developing US-European relationship. The book therefore takes a unique in-depth look at the importance of exchanges for the extension of US 'informal empire' and the maintenance of the transatlantic alliance during the Cold War.
  

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Contents

Preface
11
Introduction Networks of Empire
21
The History of US Government Exchanges
49
Implementing the Leader Program
75
The PvdA
103
The Trade Unions
145
The Early 1960s
235
Steering Bilateral Relations in the Vietnam Era
279
The Foreign Leader Program in Britain 195070
365
CONCLUSION The Problems of Evaluation
403
FLP Grantees from Britain 195070
425
FLP Grantees from France 195070
445
FLP Grantees from the Netherlands 195070
473
Select Bibliography
487
Index
505
Copyright

The Foreign Leader Program in France 195070
327

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About the author (2008)

Giles Scott-Smith is the Ernst van der Bruegel Chair in Transatlantic Diplomatic History at Leiden University and a senior researcher at the Roosevelt Study Center in Middleburg.

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