The Mountains of the Mediterranean World
This book describes and analyses the environmental history of the mountain areas of the Mediterranean world, focusing on Turkey, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Morocco. The author examines the land and its people and concludes that great changes in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries created the often barren and depopulated countrysides of today. These changes, he suggests, lie behind much of the social and political turbulence of modern times as mountain people came to terms with worsening conditions. Written in a lively style, the book is the first environmental history of the Mediterranean area.
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ACSR agriculture Alpujarra Anatolia ancient Antalya Arabs Athens Basilicata brigandage busta Calabria cedar charcoal coast crops cultivation decline deforestation difﬁcult ecological economic Egridir emigration Epirot Epirus existed ﬁelds ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂank ﬂocks ﬂourished ﬂuctuations forest fuelwood goats Granada grazing Greece Greek hectares Ioannina irrigation Kallarites Ketama kilometers Konitsa labor Lagonegro land landscape late Leo Africanus lowland Lucania Lucanian mountains Madrid maize malaria maquis Marquesado massif Mediterranean Mediterranean mountains Mediterranean world meters Metsovo migration Moroccan Morocco mountain villages Nekor nineteenth century nomads numbers Ottoman overshoot pasture peasants percent perhaps Pindus Pindus villages pine plains Planhol Pollino population growth Potenza production Riﬁans Samarina season settlement sheep shepherds Sierra de Gador Sierra Nevada slopes soil erosion southern Italy Spain Spanish summer Taurus terraces Tetouan timber trade transhumance trees Trevélez Turkey twentieth century vegetation Vlach western Taurus wheat winter women wood Zagori zones