The Machete and the Cross: Campesino Rebellion in Yucatan

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U of Nebraska Press, 1997 - History - 571 pages
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Violent class struggles and ethnic conflict mark much of the history of Latin America, continuing in some regions even today. Perhaps the worst and most prolonged of these conflicts was the guerra de las castas or ?Caste War,? an Indian rebellion that tore apart the Yucatan Peninsula for much of the nineteenth century (1847?1903). The struggle was not only ethnic, pitting indigenous peoples against a Hispanic or Hispanicized ruling class, but also economic, involving attacks by rural campesinos on plantation owners, merchants, overseers, and townspeople. The rebels met with sporadic and limited success but still managed at times to remove whole portions of the Yucatan Peninsula from state control. Don E. Dumond?s work is the anticipated complete history of the Caste War. Drawing on primary sources, he presents the first comprehensive description of this turbulent century of conflict in Yucatan and sets forth a carefully argued analysis of the reasons and broader social, political, and economic processes underlying the struggle.
  

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Contents

Prospect
1
Beginnings
9
Governing for God and King
25
Changing with Time
38
The Coincidence of Name and Tax Status
42
Indian versus Spanish Surnames in Marriage
43
Two Estimates of the Population of Yucatan 15111842
44
Strains of Independence
63
1o Loss of Registered Peninsula Population 184662
238
Cross Triumphant Cross Deposed
240
Unsteady Peace in the South
262
Pacifico Settlements Listed in the Campeche Census of 1861
270
Major Southern Pacifico Commanders 185368
286
Rebels and Friends
288
Leadership at Noh Cah Santa Cruz 185868
308
Bravo Enterprises
311

Year of Turmoil
83
Estimated Numbers of Indians in Eleven Partidos
84
Population and Taxable Rural Properties by Partido 182o4o
86
Representative Taxes 18244o
88
Some Taxes in December 1847
99
Peace and War
106
Climax
126
The Screw Tightens
143
Olive Branches with Thorns
159
1o A Parting of Ways
179
Rebel Commanders Party to the Treaty of 1853
195
Tribulations Triumphs Miraculous Crosses
201
Leaders of the Major Group of Rebels to 1858
219
Massacres and Machinations
221
Estimates of Masewal Population in the Early 187os
323
Pacifico Affairs
332
The World Moves Closer
351
Determination and Dissolution
369
Leadership at Noh Cah Santa Cruz 186819oo
374
Important Pacifico Settlements and Commanders in 1897
385
2o The End of Independence
389
Retrospect
407
Summary of Estimates of Total Rebel Population
410
Abridged Life Table for Northern British Honduras 1894
414
Notes
429
Works Cited
537
Index
553
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Don E. Dumond is a professor of anthropology at the University of Oregon and the author of The Eskimos and Aleuts.

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