A manual of botany (Google eBook)

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Page xvii - For the invisible things of God from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead...
Page 422 - Petals arising from the calyx, alternate with the lobes, and equal to them in number. Stamens inserted with the petals, twice or thrice their number ; filaments distinct, subulate ; anthers erect. Ovary two-, three-, to fourcelled ; ovules two or more in each cell, anatropal.
Page 587 - Hence it appears, that, in respect of the predominating kinds of grain, the earth may be divided into five grand divisions, or kingdoms. The kingdom of rice, of maize, of wheat, of rye, and lastly of barley and oats. The first three are the most extensive ; the maize has the greatest range of temperature ; but rice may be said to support the greatest number of the human race.
Page 491 - ... it is only to be found growing in the water which collects in the bottom of the leaves of a large Tillandsia, that inhabits abundantly an arid rocky part of the mountain, at an elevation of about 5000 feet above the level of the sea.
Page 587 - Here the vine is also found ; wine supplants the use of beer; and barley is consequently less raised. Next comes 'a district where wheat still abounds, but no longer exclusively furnishes bread ; rice and maize becoming frequent. To this zone belong Portugal, Spain, part of France on the Mediterranean, Italy and Greece ; further...
Page 261 - Senna (Colutea arborescene) the pericarp retains its leaf-like appearance, but in most cases it becomes altered both in consistence and in colour. Thus in the- Date the epicarp is the outer brownish skin, the pulpy matter is the mesocarp or sarcocarp, and the thin рарегу-Ш:з lining is the endocarp covering the hard seed.
Page 174 - Botany," where he treats of the flower and its appendages : " The flower consists of whorled leaves placed on an axis, the internodes of which are not developed. This shortened axis is the thalamus or torus. There are usually four of these whorls or verticils. 1. The outer one called the calyx. 2, The corolla. 3. The stamens. 4. The most internal one, the pistil. Each of these consists normally of several parts which, like leaves, follow a law of alternation.
Page 453 - ... NAPLES (Plate 40). Naples, or Napoli, the capital city of the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, is celebrated for its beautiful situation on a magnificent bay, encircled by the Capes Miseno and Campanella, and the islands of Capri, Isohia, and Procida. The city, with its population of 370,000 inhabitants, is one of the largest, and at the same time one of the most beautiful in Europe. It is indeed true, that the streets are generally only from six to eight paces wide, and that the houses are very...
Page 591 - It is usual to say that the presence of many plants is determined by soil or climate, as the case may be ; but if such plants be found in areas disconnected from their centres by considerable intervals, some other cause than the mere influence of soil or climate must be sought to account for their presence. This cause...
Page 585 - Plants of the mountains, which De Candolle proposes to divide into two sections: 1. Those which grow on alpine mountains, the summits of which are covered with perpetual snow, and where, during the heat of summer, there is a continued and abundant flow of moisture, as numerous Saxifrages, Gentians, Primroses, and Rhododendrons. 2. Those inhabiting mountains, on which the snow disappears during summer, as several species of snap-dragon, among others the Alpine snapdragon, Umbelliferous plants,...

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