Industrial Heating: Principles, Techniques, Materials, Applications, and Design (Google eBook)

Front Cover
CRC Press, May 20, 2005 - Technology & Engineering - 800 pages
1 Review
Industry relies on heating for a wide variety of processes involving a broad range of materials. Each process and material requires heating methods suitable to its properties and the desired outcome. Despite this, the literature lacks a general reference on design techniques for heating, especially for small- and medium-sized applications. Industrial Heating: Principles, Techniques, Materials, Applications, and Design fills this gap, presenting design information for both traditional and modern heating processes and auxiliary techniques.

The author leverages more than 40 years of experience into this comprehensive, authoritative guide. The book opens with fundamental topics in steady state and transient heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and aerodynamics, emphasizing analytical concepts over mathematical rigor. A discussion of fuels, their combustion, and combustion devices follows, along with waste incineration and its associated problems. The author then examines techniques related to heating, such as vacuum technology, pyrometry, protective atmosphere, and heat exchangers as well as refractory, ceramic, and metallic materials and their advantages and disadvantages. Useful appendices round out the presentation, supplying information on underlying principles such as pressure and thermal diffusivity.

Replete with illustrations, examples, and solved problems, Industrial Heating provides a much-needed treatment of all aspects of heating systems, reflecting the advances in both process and technology over the past half-century.
  

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

Every thing about heating/ heat treatment used in Industry one needs to know

Contents

22 Sources of Gases in Furnaces
14
23 Flow of Gases
15
24 Importance of Fluid Flow in Heating
17
25 Classification of Fluid Flow
18
26 Flow over Objects
21
27 Flow Separation
22
28 Forced Circulation in Enclosures
27
210 Natural Gas Circulation inside Furnaces
29
993 Bath Salts
416
995 Applications of Salt Baths
419
996 Other Bath Furnaces
421
High Frequency Heating
423
1011 Introduction
424
1013 Advantages and Disadvantages of Induction Heating
425
1014 Skin Effect
428
1015 Ferrous and Nonferrous Heating
432

211 Bernoullis Theorem of Fluid Flow
32
212 Frictional Losses in Flow
35
213 Local Losses
44
2131 Common Local Features
46
2132 Gas Flow through Ports
48
2133 Pump Power
49
214 Stack Effect
51
215 Practical Flue System
53
Steady State Heat Transfer
57
31 Introduction
58
32 Steady State Conduction
60
33 The Shape Factor
72
34 Graphical Method for Wall Heat Transfer and Design
75
35 Convection
80
36 Forced Convection
85
361 Boundary Layer and Convection
86
362 Forced Convection over Flat Plate
88
363 Forced Convection inside Tubes
97
363A Laminar Flow
98
363B Turbulent Flow
99
364 Heat Transfer in Coils
108
37 Natural Convection Flat Walls
113
371 Free Convection over Horizontal Pipes
116
372 Free Convection inside Enclosures
121
38 Radiative Heat Transfer
124
39 Radiation Exchange Between Bodies
128
391 Radiative Exchange between Two Parallel Surfaces
129
392 Radiative Exchange between Article and Enclosure
132
310 Radiation Screens
133
311 Radiation Exchange inside and outside Furnaces
137
312 Radiation in Absorbing Media
140
313 Radiation Loss from Furnace Openings
146
314 Extended Surfaces
161
Transient Conduction
169
41 Introduction
170
42 Solution by Using Charts
171
43 Heating of Bodies of Finite Size
180
441 Instantaneous Temperature Change at Surface
189
443 Surface Heating by Convection
192
444 The Late Regime
194
45 Transient ConductionFinite Differences Method
199
46 Application of the Finite Difference Method to a Multilayered Wall
205
47 Concentrated Heat Sources
211
471 Instantaneous Point Source
212
472 Continuous Sources
213
48 Transient Conduction Graphical Method Schmidts Method
219
Fuels and Their Properties
225
52 Properties of Fuel
226
53 Liquid Fuels
231
54 Gaseous Fuel
232
55 Biogas
233
551 Single Stage Generation
235
552 Two Stage Generator
236
56 Heating Calorific Value
238
57 Calculation of Calorific Value
240
58 Combustion Air Requirements and Products
243
581 Combustion Air and Practical Requirements
245
582 Preheating of Air
246
59 Solid Waste and Garbage
247
510 Incomplete Combustion
249
511 Combustion and Pollution
252
Fuel Burning Devices
275
62 Combustion of Liquid Fuels
276
63 Classification of Oil Burners
280
632 Low Pressure Burners
281
64 Burners for Distillate Fuels
282
65 Preheating of Oils
284
66 Kinetics
285
67 Burning Properties of Gases
287
68 Classification of Gas Burners
289
69 Flame Stabilization Ignition and Detection
291
610 Atmospheric Gas Burners
293
611 Nozzle Mixing Gas Burners
296
612 Radiant Tubes
298
613 Dual Fuel Burners
300
614 Packaged Burners
302
615 Combustion of Solid Waste and Garbage
303
6161 Burner Blocks
305
6163 Flame Protection Devices
307
Refractories
309
72 Classification of Refractories
310
721 Fire Clay Refractories
311
722 High Alumina Refractories
312
724 Carbon and Graphite Refractories
313
726 Zircon Refractories 727 Zirconia Refractories
314
73 Insulating Refractories and Materials
315
741 Raw Materials
316
75 Refractory Shapes
319
76 Unshaped Refractory Products
321
77 Refractory Fibers
322
78 Properties of Refractories
323
781 Room Temperature Properties
325
782 High Temperature Properties
326
791 Thermal Requirements
328
792 Mechanical and Chemical Requirements
332
Metals and Alloys for High Temperature Applications
333
82 Mechanical Properties of Metals at High Temperature
334
83 Oxidation and Corrosion
340
831 Corrosion by Other Gases
343
84 Melting Point and Physical Stability
345
85 Linear Expansion
346
86 Cast Irons
347
88 Selection of Metals for High Temperature Application
349
Electric Resistance Heating
357
92 Indirect Electrical Heating 921 Principles of Indirect Electric Heating
358
922 Material for Heaters
359
923 Special Insulating Materials in the Construction of a Heater
361
93 Construction and Placement of Heaters
368
94 Design of Metallic Elements
373
941 Determination of Wire or Strip Size
377
951 Silicon Carbide Heating Elements
383
952 MoSi₂ Heating Elements
385
96 Design Calculations for Nonmetallic Elements
387
971 Principle of DRH
401
972 Design for DRH
403
973 Advantages and Limitations of DRH
405
98 Stored Energy Heating SEH
408
981 Principle of Stored Energy Heating
409
983 Some Peculiarities of SEH
411
991 Introduction
414
992 Construction and Working of Electrode Furnaces
415
1016 Choice of Frequency
433
1018 Mains Frequency Generators
437
10110 Motor Generators
438
10111 Solid State Generators
440
10113 Radio Frequency RF Power Generators
442
10115 Generator and Coil Matching
444
10116 Thermal Requirements
447
10117 Design of the Coil
449
10118 Electrical Design of Coil
450
10119 Equivalent Circuit Method of Coil Design
453
10120 Physical Design of Coils
456
1021 Introduction 1022 Principles of Dielectric Heating 1023 Review of Related Electric Properties
466
1024 Some Noteworthy Points about Dielectric Heating
470
1025 Applications of Dielectric Heating
471
1031 Nature and Generation of Microwaves
472
1032 Heat Generation by Microwaves
473
1033 Heat Produced in Microwave Heating
477
1034 Some Peculiarities of Microwave Heating
478
Concentrated Heat Sources
485
1111 Introduction
488
1112 Generation of Laser Beam
489
1113 Noteworthy Points about Lasers
492
1114 Limitations of Lasers
495
1115 CO₂ Lasers
496
1116 NdYAG Lasers
499
1117 Ruby Lasers
501
1118 Longitudinal Modes of Laser Beam
502
1119 Focusing Properties of Lasers
504
11110 Collimation
507
11112 Depth of Focus
508
11113 Transverse Modes in Lasers
514
11114 Temporal Characteristics of Lasers
515
11115 Q Switching of the Laser Beam
517
11116 Application of Lasers for Material Processing
520
11117 LaserMaterial Interaction
523
11118 Reflectivity and Absorptivity
526
11119 Laser Penetration
529
11120 The Temperature Field
531
1121 Introduction
533
1122 Generation of Electron Beam
534
1123 Characteristics of EB
537
1124 EB Noteworthy Points
538
1125 EB Material Interaction
539
1126 Commercial EB Equipment
541
Vacuum Engineering
543
121 Introduction
544
122 Units for Vacuum
545
123 Vacuum Pumps
546
1231 Positive Displacement Pump
547
1232 Roots Pump
550
1233 Diffusion Pumps
554
1234 Molecular Pumps
557
1241 Selection of Vacuum Pumps
558
1242 Calculation of Pumping Speed
562
125 Conductance and Pumping Speed
564
126 Baffles and Traps
568
127 Outgassing
569
128 Vacuum Pumping PressureTime Relations
574
129 Calculation of Pumping Time
587
1210 Measurement of Vacuum
590
12101 Mechanical Gauges
591
12102 Conductivity Gauges
592
12103 Ionization Gauge
594
Protective Atmospheres
601
131 Introduction
602
132 Manufactured Atmosphere
603
1331 Nitrogen 1332 Hydrogen
604
134 Heating of Protective Atmosphere Furnace
608
135 Determination of Atmosphere Consumption
610
1351 Batch Type
611
1352 Continuous Type
612
1361 Dew Point Measurement
624
1362 Measurement of CO CO₂ CH₄ and NH₃
627
1363 Detection of Oxygen
628
1364 Selection of Analytical Instruments
630
Temperature Measurement
631
141 Introduction
632
142 Thermocouple Pyrometers
634
143 Property Requirements of Thermocouple Materials
636
144 Practical Thermocouples
637
145 Cold Junction Compensation
641
147 Construction of Thermocouples
643
148 Selection of Thermocouples
645
1491 Principle of Radiation
647
1492 Practical Problems
649
1410 Disappearing Filament Pyrometer
655
1411 Radiation Pyrometers
657
14112 Limitations
661
14121 Temperature Indicating Colors 14122 Bimetallic Devices
662
14123 Bimetallic Energy Regulators
663
1413 Temperature Indicators
666
1414 Temperature Controllers
668
Miscellany and Further
673
151 Introduction
674
1521 Rotating Hearth Furnace
675
1522 Automatic Integral Quench Furnace
677
1523 Vacuum Gas Furnace
680
1524 Linear Continuous Furnaces
683
153 Incinerators
685
1531 Large Scale Municipal Incinerator
687
1533 Domestic or Office Incinerator
689
154 Heat Exchangers
691
1541 Classification of Heat Exchangers
693
1542 Convective Heat Transfer over Tube Banks
699
1543 Heat Exchanger Calculations
702
155 Drying Ovens
710
156 Baking Ovens
713
157 Fans
718
1581 Carbon Foams 1582 Alumina Refractory Adhesive
723
1583 Cast Basalt
724
Pressure
725
Viscosity
729
Thermal Diffusivity
733
Humidity
737
Error Function
745
Properties of Air Water Gases
749
Emissivity
755
Bibliography
757
Index
763
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page vi - Rotating Machinery Vibration: Problem Analysis and Troubleshooting, Maurice L. Adams, Jr. 131. Formulas for Dynamic Analysis, Ronald L. Huston and CQ Liu 132. Handbook of Machinery Dynamics, Lynn L. Faulkner and Earl Logan, Jr.
Page ii - Practical Stress Analysis in Engineering Design, Alexander Blake 13. An Introduction to the Design and Behavior of Bolted Joints, John H. Bickford 14. Optimal Engineering Design: Principles and Applications, James N. Siddall 1 5.
Page vii - Fundamentals of Fluid Film Lubrication: Second Edition, Bernard J. Hamrock, Steven R. Schmid, and Bo O. Jacobson 1 70. Handbook of Lead-Free Solder Technology for Microelectronic Assemblies, edited by Karl J. Puttlitz and Kathleen A. Stalter 171.
Page ii - Memorial Institute and Department of Mechanical Engineering The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio 1 . Spring Designer's Handbook, Harold Carlson 2. Computer-Aided Graphics and Design, Daniel L. Ryan 3. Lubrication Fundamentals, J. George Wills 4. Solar Engineering for Domestic Buildings, William A. Himmelman 5. Applied Engineering Mechanics: Statics and Dynamics, G. Boothroyd and C.
Page v - Turbomachinery Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer, edited by Chunill Hah 111. High-Vacuum Technology: A Practical Guide, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded, Marsbed H. Hablanian 112. Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing: Workbook and Answerbook, James D. Meadows 113.
Page ii - Chains for Power Transmission and Material Handling: Design and Applications Handbook, American Chain Association 19. Corrosion and Corrosion Protection Handbook, edited by Philip A. Schweitzer 20. Gear Drive Systems: Design and Application, Peter Lynwander 21. Controlling In-Plant Airborne Contaminants: Systems Design and Calculations, John D. Constance 22. CAD/CAM Systems Planning and Implementation, Charles S. Knox 23. Probabilistic Engineering Design: Principles and Applications, James N. Siddall...
Page vi - Shull 143. Diesel Engine Engineering: Thermodynamics, Dynamics, Design, and Control, Andrei Makartchouk 144. Handbook of Machine Tool Analysis, loan D. Marinescu, Constantin Ispas, and Dan Boboc 145. Implementing Concurrent Engineering in Small Companies, Susan Carlson Skalak 1 46.
Page vii - Mechanical Vibration: Analysis, Uncertainties, and Control, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded, Haym Benaroya 182. Design of Automatic Machinery, Stephen J. Derby 1 83. Practical Fracture Mechanics in Design: Second Edition, Revised and Expanded, Arun Shukla 184. Practical Guide to Designed Experiments, Paul D. Funkenbusch 185.
Page iii - Electronically Controlled Proportional Valves: Selection and Application, Michael J. Tonyan, edited by Tobi Goldoftas 40. Pressure Gauge Handbook, AMETEK, US Gauge Division, edited by Philip W. Harland 41. Fabric Filtration for Combustion Sources: Fundamentals and Basic Technology, RP Donovan 42. Design of Mechanical Joints, Alexander Blake 43. CAD/CAM Dictionary, Edward J. Preston, George W. Crawford, and Mark E. Coticchia 44. Machinery Adhesives for Locking, Retaining, and Sealing, Girard S. Haviland...
Page vii - Piping and Pipeline Engineering: Design, Construction, Maintenance, Integrity, and Repair, George A. Antaki 160. Turbomachinery: Design and Theory, Rama SR Gorla and Aijaz Ahmed Khan 161 . Target Costing: Market-Driven Product Design, M. Bradford Clifton, Henry MB Bird, Robert E. Albano, and Wesley P. Townsend 162.

Bibliographic information