Patterns of Human Growth

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Cambridge University Press, May 6, 1999 - Psychology - 455 pages
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This new, completely revised and updated edition provides a synthesis of the forces that shaped the evolution of the human growth pattern, the biocultural factors that direct its expression, the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that regulate individual development, and the biomathematical approaches that are needed to analyze and interpret human growth. After covering the history, philosophy, and basic biological principles of human development, the book turns to the evolution of the human life cycle. Later chapters explore the physiological, environmental, and cultural reasons for population variation in growth, and the genetic and endocrine factors that regulate individual development, providing a comprehensive explanation for the functional and adaptive significance of human growth patterns. The final chapter integrates all this information into a truly interactive biocultural model of human development.
  

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Amazing factual content - a must for every anthropologists bookshelf. It gives a whole new insight into civilisation, all with beautiful prose.

Contents

Introduction
1
Anthropology and growth
2
Maya in Disneyland
3
Growth and evolution
6
Growth theory
9
Human auxology
14
Background to the study of human growth
18
Historical background for the study of human growth
19
Why do girls have adolescence or why wait so long to have a baby?
209
Why do boys have adolescence?
214
Summary of adolescence
216
The valuable grandmother or could menopause evolve?
217
Growth variation in living human populations
225
Population differences in rate of growth
228
Differences in growth between boys and girls
232
Population variation in skeletal dental and sexual maturation
235

Basic principles of human growth
54
Prenatal stages
55
Birth
58
The evolution of human growth
98
Mammalian growth
101
Mammalian reproduction
104
Brains and learning
110
Stages of mammalian growth
114
Primate growth patterns
123
Of brains and bodies
130
Is the human adolescent growth spurt unique?
131
Some important differences between human and nonhuman primate growth
146
A philosophy of human growth
149
Evolution of the human life cycle
153
Life history and stages of the life cycle
154
The evolution of ontogeny
155
Neoteny and human evolution
158
Hypermorphosis and human evolution
161
Critiques of neoteny and hypermorphosis
164
Mathematical evidence against heterochrony
169
The other side of the coin
171
Human childhood
173
The passage from childhood and the midgrowth spurt
178
How and when did human childhood evolve?
181
Who benefits from childhood?
189
5 Childhood allows for developmental plasticity
200
When and why did adolescence evolve?
201
Why did the growth spurt evolve?
203
Hereditary and environmental interactions as the cause of population variation
239
Body proportions
241
Size versus shape
242
Secular trends
243
What do secular trends mean?
254
Negative secular trends
255
Population differences in body composition
258
The significance of population variation
262
Adaptive value of body size in human populations
263
Environmental factors influencing growth
268
Altitude
283
effects on body size and shape
286
effects on seasonal rates of growth
288
Migration and urbanization
297
Socioeconomic status
304
Size and social mobility
324
Genetic and endocrine regulation of human growth
329
Genetics of human development
330
Endocrinology of growth
351
A biocultural view of human growth
387
Biocultural interactions in contemporary populations
388
Risks for grandparents
392
Stress hormones and human development
394
The future
397
Glossary
399
References
409
Index
442
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About the author (1999)

Univ. of Michigan at Dearborn.