Patterns of Human Growth
This new, completely revised and updated edition provides a synthesis of the forces that shaped the evolution of the human growth pattern, the biocultural factors that direct its expression, the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that regulate individual development, and the biomathematical approaches that are needed to analyze and interpret human growth. After covering the history, philosophy, and basic biological principles of human development, the book turns to the evolution of the human life cycle. Later chapters explore the physiological, environmental, and cultural reasons for population variation in growth, and the genetic and endocrine factors that regulate individual development, providing a comprehensive explanation for the functional and adaptive significance of human growth patterns. The final chapter integrates all this information into a truly interactive biocultural model of human development.
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Anthropology and growth
Maya in Disneyland
Growth and evolution
Background to the study of human growth
Historical background for the study of human growth
Why do girls have adolescence or why wait so long to have a baby?
Why do boys have adolescence?
Summary of adolescence
The valuable grandmother or could menopause evolve?
Growth variation in living human populations
Population differences in rate of growth
Differences in growth between boys and girls
Population variation in skeletal dental and sexual maturation
Basic principles of human growth
The evolution of human growth
Brains and learning
Stages of mammalian growth
Primate growth patterns
Of brains and bodies
Is the human adolescent growth spurt unique?
Some important differences between human and nonhuman primate growth
A philosophy of human growth
Evolution of the human life cycle
Life history and stages of the life cycle
The evolution of ontogeny
Neoteny and human evolution
Hypermorphosis and human evolution
Critiques of neoteny and hypermorphosis
Mathematical evidence against heterochrony
The other side of the coin
The passage from childhood and the midgrowth spurt
How and when did human childhood evolve?
Who benefits from childhood?
5 Childhood allows for developmental plasticity
When and why did adolescence evolve?
Why did the growth spurt evolve?
Hereditary and environmental interactions as the cause of population variation
Size versus shape
What do secular trends mean?
Negative secular trends
Population differences in body composition
The significance of population variation
Adaptive value of body size in human populations
Environmental factors influencing growth
effects on body size and shape
effects on seasonal rates of growth
Migration and urbanization
Size and social mobility
Genetic and endocrine regulation of human growth
Genetics of human development
Endocrinology of growth
A biocultural view of human growth
Biocultural interactions in contemporary populations
Risks for grandparents
Stress hormones and human development
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