Constructivist Teaching, Issue 390

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Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, 1995 - Constructivism (Education) - 42 pages
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This fastback examines the theory and practice of constructivist teaching and suggests how teachers can decide what form of constructivist teaching they might want to use. Constructivist teaching theory is explored under the headings "knowledge" and "humans." According to constructivist theory, knowledge is constructed by humans, it is conjectural and fallible, and it grows through exposure. Humans have a built-in aversion to disorder and have internal knowledge structures that guide perceptions, understanding, and action. Five elements of one conception of constructivist teaching practice include; activating prior knowledge, acquiring knowledge, understanding knowledge, using knowledge, and reflecting knowledge. The four types of constructivist teaching that emerge from these five elements are application, discovery, extension, and invention. Examples of these types are given. The next section focuses on beliefs and their importance in deciding about constructivist teaching and which forms to use. In the last sections, threats to implementation and the future of constructivist teaching are discussed.

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