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addressing the Chair admission of Missouri admit Missouri AMERICAN HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION antislavery restriction Archer argument Arkansas asserted Clay compromise consent considered constitution of Missouri constitution of Tennessee contest debate declared discussion Eandolph election emancipation enabling act equal evils of slavery February February 13 Federal Fifteenth Congress Floyd formed a constitution free negro friends of Missouri Government Holmes House immunities of citizens impose conditions James Monroe John Quincy Adams laws Lowndes Maine bill Massachusetts ment Mississippi Missouri bill MISSOURI COMPROMISE Missouri question Missouri struggle Missouri Territory Missouri's admission motion nation never objection objectionable clause opinion ordinance of 1787 passed Pinckney political power of Congress presented President proposed proposition provision resolution restriction on Missouri restrictionists Scott Seaton's Annals Senate session slavery question slavery restriction souri South Carolina Southern Speaker speech Tallmadge amendment Taylor Tennessee territory west Thomas amendment tion unani Union United Virginia vote of Missouri York
Page 255 - And provided, That the further introduction of slavery or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except for the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been [duly] convicted; and that all children born within the said State, after the admission thereof into the Union, shall be free at the age of twenty-five years.
Page 253 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of citizens of the United States; and in the meantime they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
Page 266 - Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the State of California shall be one, and is hereby declared to be one, of the United States of America, and admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever.
Page 260 - That in all that territory ceded by France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies north of thirtysix degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not included within the limits of the State contemplated by this act, slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall be and is hereby forever prohibited.
Page 278 - Congress, shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen, of either of the States in this Union, shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under the constitution of the United States...
Page 295 - And yet, with such awful threatenings before us, do gentlemen, in the same breath, insist upon the encouragement of this evil ; upon the extension of this monstrous scourge of the human race ? An evil so fraught with such dire calamities to us as individuals, and to our nation, and threatening, in its progress, to overwhelm the civil and religious institutions of the country, with the liberties of the nation, ought at once to be met, and to be controlled. If its power, its influence, and its impending...
Page 257 - This motion," says the Annals, "gave rise to a wide and longcontinued debate, covering part of the ground previously occupied on this subject, but differing in part, as the proposition for Arkansas was to impose a condition on a Territorial government instead of, as in the former case, to enjoin the adoption of the (prohibitive) principle in the constitution of a State.
Page 263 - States, to the enterprising capitalist of the North, the Middle, and Eastern States, nine-tenths of the country in question. In rejecting so reasonable a proposition we must have strong and powerful reasons to justify our refusal. • • • Should we now numerically carry the question it will be a victory snatched from our brothers.
Page 289 - A majority of this committee being PrO-Slavery, Mr. Taylor could do nothing ; and on the 28th the Committee was, on motion, discharged from the further consideration of the subject. On the same day Mr. Taylor moved : " That a Committee be appointed with instructions to report a bill prohibiting the further admission of Slaves into the Territories of the United States west of the river Mississippi.
Page 275 - Vice-President of the United States ought to be received and counted. Mr. Floyd said that he now considered the House brought to the brink of the precipice. "The votes of other States had been received and counted before their admission had been formally declared. The question of Missouri was now brought fairly to issue. Let us know whether Missouri be a State in the Union or not. If not, let us send her an ambassador, and treat for her admission. Sir, we can not take another step without hurling...