Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate (Google eBook)

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Paul C.D. Newton, R. Andrew Carran, Grant R. Edwards, Pascal A. Niklaus
CRC Press, Sep 1, 2006 - Technology & Engineering - 364 pages
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Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate considers the consequences of changes in the atmosphere and climate on the integrity, stability, and productivity of agroecosystems. The book adopts a novel approach by bringing together theoretical contributions from ecologists and the applied interpretations of agriculturalists. Drawing these two approaches together, the book provides the theoretical underpinning that guides scientists on what phenomena to look for, looking beyond first-order responses in the creation of sustainable agroecosystems. This unique approach provides an interpretation of ecological insights and general theory, and then relates them to agroecosystem performance.

Each section of the book combines general principles of response with an examination of the applied consequences. The authors cover the supply of resources necessary to sustain agriculture in the future and discuss the incidence of pests, weeds, diseases, and their control. They provide an understanding of how the population biology of organisms will change and the adaptations that might be possible. The book also explores plant breeding solutions and the capacity for adaptation that exists in plant populations. In addition to the full chapters, the book includes Special Example chapters that deal in more detail with specific issues.

Presenting a global perspective of climate change effects on agricultural production, Agroecosystems in a Changing Climate establishes connections between the immediate effects of change and the longer-term processes that will ultimately determine the consequences for agroecosystems and therefore the potential for adaptation.

  

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Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1
Resource Supply and Demand
9
Chapter 2 Climate Change Effects on Biogeochemical Cycles Nutrients and Water Supply
11
Chapter 3 Nutrient and Water Demands of Plants under Global Climate Change
53
Chapter 4 Climate Change and Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation in Agroecosystems
85
Chapter 5 Belowground Food Webs in a Changing Climate
117
Chapter 6 Herbivory and Nutrient Cycling
151
Chapter 7 Sustainability of Crop Production Systems under Climate Change
167
Capacity to Adapt
289
Chapter 12 Distinguishing between Acclimation and Adaptation
291
Chapter 13 Plant Breeding for a Changing Environment
309
Special Examples
321
Special Example 1 Impacts of Climate Change on Marginal Tropical Animal Production Systems
323
Special Example 2 Climate Change and Biological Control
329
Special Example 3 Efficacy of Herbicides under Elevated Temperature and CO
333
Special Example 4 Evolution of Pathogens under Elevated CO
337

Pests Weeds and Diseases
187
Chapter 8 Plant Performance and Implications for Plant Population Dynamics and Species Composition in a Changing Climate
189
Chapter 9 ClimateChangeEffectson Fungi in Agroecosystems
211
Chapter 10 Trophic Interactions and Climate Change
231
Chapter 11 Future Weed Pest and Disease Problems for Plants
261
Special Example 5 Adapting United Kingdom Agriculture to Climate Change
341
Index
347
Back cover
365
Copyright

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Page 6 - Climate change 2001 : The scientific basis. Contribution of working group 1 to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. [Houghton, JT, Ding, Y., Griggs, DJ, Noguer, M., van der Linden, PJ, Dai, X., Maskell, K.