What planners do: power, politics, and persuasion
What Planners Dois an innovative study of strategies used by urban planners in city governments of the United States to grapple with the political side of their profession. Hoch focuses on the attitudes of planners toward the compromises they make to accommodate political conflict, budgetary constraints, and bureaucratic red tape. Covered are the ways planners utilize research, formulate plans, regulate development, organize political coalitions, cope with racial discrimination, and negotiate with members of business groups, community organizations, and government agencies. Throughout Hoch identifies the pitfalls of common approaches taken by planners and gives examples of helpful alternatives. Hoch's analysis features responses from interviews he conducted with 32 professional planners who share insights and observations about their experiences and describe their reactions to problems encountered on the job, from enforcing building codes to selling a town council on a renovation project. Also included is a comprehensive overview of planning theory and the results of past survey research and case studies.
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The Quest for Institutional Authority
The Rational Protocol and Political Conflict
Research and Rationality
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actions activity adopt adversarial politics advice advocacy planning African-Americans agency analysts authority Bruce building bureaucratic census centers Central City charettes cial citizens clients commitment comprehensive planning conflict consensus craft Darlene deliberations democratic Donald downtown Eco Corp economic efforts expectations expertise federal Fred funds Hispanic housing institutional interests issues Jack Jimmy John Forester judgments Krumholz land Latino legitimacy liberal Little League manager mayor meeting ment moral municipal negotiations neighborhood neoconservatives ners ning nonprofit offer officials organization organizational owner participants Patsy Healey percent planning director portable toilets practical problems profes professional planners professional planning professional protocol programs proposed racial racism Ralph rational model rational planning redevelopment reform regional regulations relationships residents role shared sional social staff Stelian stories suburban technical tion town trustees urban values Vasu zoning