Music in European Capitals: The Galant Style, 1720-1780

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W. W. Norton & Company, 2003 - Music - 1078 pages
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This volume continues the study of the eighteenth century begun in Haydn, Mozart, and the Viennese School 1740–1780 (1995) by focusing on the capital cities other than Vienna that were most important in the creation and diffusion of new music. It tells of events in Naples, where Vinci and Pergolesi went beyond their pre-1720 models to cultivate opera in a simpler, more direct manner, soon after christened the galant style. No less central was Venice, where Vivaldi perfected the concerto, on which were patterned the early symphonies and the newer kind of sonata. Dresden profited first from all these achievements and became, under Hasse's direction, the foremost center of Italian opera in Germany. Mannheim with its great orchestra did much to shape the modern symphony. A few years later, Paris became paramount, especially for its Opéra-Comique; during the 1770s the Opéra provided Gluck with a stage on which to cap his long international career. The book concludes with a description of Christian Bach in London, Paisiello in Saint Petersburg, and Boccherini in Madrid.

This long-awaited book offers a view of eighteenth-century music that is broad and innovative while remaining sensitive to the values of those times and places. One comes away from it with an understanding of the European context behind the triumphs of Haydn and Mozart.

Lavishly illustrated with music examples and reproductions, both in black-and-white and color, this master study will be of inestimable importance to scholars, cultural historians, performers, and all music lovers.
  

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Music in European capitals: the galant style, 1720-1780

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Throughout the middle six decades of the 18th century, people used the word galant to describe painting, speech, literature, and especially the newly emerging musical style that was elegant, new ... Read full review

Contents

Prologue Three Rococo Idylls
Farinelli and Metastasio
Burney and the Grand Tour
Naples
Conservatories
Vinci
v
Teatro San Carlo
126
Leo
130
Noverres Ballets
485
The Building of Mannheim
494
Elector Carl Theodore
498
Life of a Virtuoso Violinist
505
The Symphony
510
Palatine Court Opera
549
Paris
595
CHURCHES
596

Jommelli
143
Piccinni
156
Venice
171
The Ospedali
178
Vivaldi
188
Veracini and Locatelli
208
Tartini
220
Sammartini of Milan and the Symphony
230
The Keyboard
243
Galuppi
256
Dresden and Berlin
295
Hasse
306
The Royal Chapel under Heinichen and Zelenka
328
Hasses Zenith
333
Dresdens Nadir
346
Burney Visits Dresden
349
Prince Frederick of Prussia
354
Carl Heinrich Graun
360
Quantz and the Royal Chamber Music
373
Other Musicians in Prussian Service
378
Burney in Berlin
385
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach
389
Singspiel
424
Stuttgart and Mannheim
441
Carl Eugen Duke of Wurttemberg
443
Jommellis Operas
454
LACADEMIE ROYALE DE MUSIQUE
602
Rameau
620
ViolinistComposers
630
MONDONVILLE
633
Gossec and the Symphony
647
The Keyboard
685
OperaComique
701
La Querelle des Bouffons
709
Duni
728
Philidor
737
Monsigny
763
Gretry
778
Gluck at the Opera
801
The Visit of 177475
808
Armide
830
Piccinni
842
Successors
873
Three Apostles of the Galant Style
883
INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC
904
Paisiello in Saint Petersburg
929
Boccherini in Madrid
964
THE TRUE GENIUS OF THE INSTRUMENTS
988
Boswell Visits Mannheim in 1764
1009
List of Works Cited
1013
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About the author (2003)

Daniel Heartz, Ph.D., professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, is the recipient of Guggenheim Fellowships, two ASCAP-Deems Taylor Awards, and the Kinkeldey Award of the American Musicological Society. He lives in Berkeley, California.

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