Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture: Impacts and Mitigation

Front Cover
M. V. K. Siva Kumar, Mannava VK Sivakumar, Raymond P. Motha, Haripada P. Das
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 6, 2005 - Nature - 367 pages
2 Reviews

Agricultural production is highly dependent on weather, climate and water availability and is adversely affected by the weather and climate-related disasters. Droughts and natural disasters such as floods can result in crop failures, food insecurity, famine, loss of property and life, mass migration and negative national economic growth. It may not be possible to prevent the occurrence of these natural disasters, but the resultant disastrous effects can be reduced considerably through proper planning and effective preparation. Vulnerability associated with the hazards of natural disasters can be controlled to some extent by accurate and timely prediction and by taking counter-measures to reduce their impacts on agriculture. This book based on an expert meeting held in Beijing, China should be of interest to all organizations involved in disasters reduction and mitigation of extreme events.

  

What people are saying - Write a review

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

very good quality

User Review - Flag as inappropriate

Cool
Good price, cheap

Contents

Impacts of Natural Disasters in Agriculture Rangeland and Forestry an Overview
1
12 Natural Disasters Definitions and Types
2
13 Natural Disasters the Rising Trend
4
Impacts of Natural Disasters in Agriculture Rangeland and Forestry General Discussion
5
141 Negative Impacts
6
142 Positive Impacts
10
152 Cyclones
12
153 Floods
14
107 Measures to Combat Sand and Dust Storms
171
1072 Use of Crop Residues
172
References
173
Disaster Reduction Planning and Response The Example of National Drought Policy in USA
179
Shift from Reactive to Proactive Management
180
113 Rationale for a Coordinated National Drought Policy
182
114 National Drought Policy Commission
184
115 US Drought Monitor
189

154 Forest and Bush Fires
15
16 Environmental Degradation and Impact of Natural Disasters in Agriculture Forestry and Rangelands
16
17 Natural Disasters in Agriculture Rangeland and Forestry Some Methodological Issues
17
18 Mitigating the Impacts of Natural Disasters
18
19 Conclusions
19
References
20
The Role of Disaster Preparedness in National Planning with Specific Reference to Droughts
23
Unique Challenges and Recommendations
25
212 Drought Policy and Preparedness
27
Examples and Perspectives
28
22 Summary and Future Challenges
36
References
37
The Occurrence and Predictability of Extreme Events over the Southwest Pacific with Particular Reference to ENSO
39
32 Impacts of Extreme Events
40
33 Trends in Extremes
41
34 ENSO Impacts on Climate in the Southwest Pacific
43
35 Predictability of Extreme Events and ENSO
45
37 Conclusions
47
References
48
Accessibility of Database Information to Facilitate Early Detection of Extreme Events to Help Mitigate Their Impacts on Agriculture Forestry and Fis...
51
42 The Need for Observational Data and Products
53
423 Lightning Storms
55
425 Automated Weather Stations
56
43 Database Management
57
432 Realtime Information
59
433 Relational Database Management Systems
60
44 Remote Sensing
61
45 Geographical Information Systems
63
46 Conclusions
66
References
67
Tools for Forecasting or Warning as well as Hazard Assessment to Reduce Impact of Natural Disasters on Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries
71
52 Floods
72
521 ForecastingWarning of Flood for Reduction of Risk Potential
73
523 Forecasting System as a Part of Disaster Management
74
53 Droughts
75
531 The Nature and Prediction of ENSO
76
532 Drought and its Forecasts Based on ENSO
77
533 Risk Management
80
54 Tropical Cyclones
81
541 Cyclone Prediction and Warning
82
55 Forest Fires
85
552 Fire Behavior Prediction
87
56 Volcano
88
561 Prediction of Volcanic Eruptions
89
References
90
Agrometeorological Impact Assessment of Natural Disasters and Extreme Events and Agricultural Strategies Adopted in Areas with High Weather Risks
93
62 Agrometeorological Impact of Extreme Events
94
621 Positive Effect on Agriculture of Extreme Events
96
63 Strategies Adopted in Areas with High Weather Risk
102
632 Cyclone Preparedness in Agriculture System
103
633 Mitigation of Damage on Agricultural Sector due to Flood and Heavy Rainfall
105
634 Protection of Crop Against Wind
106
635 Protection of Crops from Dust StormSand Storm
107
637 Fire Prevention Measures
108
642 Propagation of Disaster Resistant Crops
109
644 Post Harvest Facilities
110
65 Disaster Risk Reduction Through Livelihood Concerns
111
651 Creation of Alternate Livelihood Options
112
652 Livelihood Strategies in Disaster Risk Reduction A Case Study in Bangladesh
113
66 Remote Sensing as a Tool for Disaster Risk Management
114
661 Cyclones and Tornadoes
115
664 Forest Fires
116
68 Conclusion
117
Damage Assessment of Agrometeorological Relevance from Natural Disasters Economic and Social Consequences
119
72 Climate Change and Climate Variability
124
73 Variability Shifting Continental Ecosystems
126
74 Interdecadal Climate Variability
130
75 Economic and Social Consequences
132
76 Conclusions
133
References
134
Impacts of Tropical Cyclones on Chinese Lowland Agriculture and Coastal Fisheries
137
82 Destruction Caused by Tropical Storms in Coastal Areas
138
831 High Frequency in Occurrence
140
84 Impacts of Tropical Cyclones on Lowland Agriculture and Coastal Fisheries
141
References
144
Frost and High Temperature Injury in China
145
92 Frost
146
922 Frost Area
147
923 Crops Harmed by Frost
148
924 Statistical Characteristics of Frost
149
925 Preventive Measures and Preparedness of Frost
154
932 Impact on Vegetables
155
94 Conclusions
156
Impacts of Sand Storms Dust Storms on Agriculture
159
102 Anthropogenic Land Disturbances and Wind Erosion
160
103 Definition of Sand and Dust Storms
162
104 Mechanics of Sand and Dust Storms
163
105 Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Sand and Dust Storms
165
106 Impacts of Sand and Dust Storms
166
1062 Soil Productivity Losses
167
1063 Economic Losses
168
1064 Mass Migration
169
1067 Positive Impacts
170
116 Latest Developments
192
Agricultural Drought Policy and Practices in Australia
195
122 The 1990s Development of a National Drought Policy
197
123 Climate Services in Support of the Drought Policy
199
124 Application of the Exceptional Circumstances Policy
201
125 Water Management
203
1252 Urban Water Policy During Droughts
204
126 The 200203 Drought in Australia a Case Study
206
1261 Lessons Learned
208
127 Relation to Longterm Climate Fluctuations
211
1272 Climatic Trends and Discontinuities
213
128 Concluding Remarks
215
References
216
Significance of Training Education and Communication for Awareness of Potential Hazards in Managing Natural Disaster in Australia
219
131 Introduction
220
132 Disaster Mitigation Through Education and Training Programmes by Government Agencies
221
1331 Bushfires
222
1332 Tropical Cyclones
225
1333 Public Weather Advice and Alerts
227
134 Droughts and Flooding Rains the Effective Use of Climate Information in Managing Extremes of Climate Variability
228
1341 Seasonal Climate Predictions Educating the User
229
1342 Responses from Farming Community
231
1343 Other Climate Extremes
232
1344 Training in the Application of Seasonal Predictions in the South Pacific
233
135 Towards Improved Lines of Communication
234
1351 Role of the Media
235
136 Concluding Remarks
236
References
238
Agrometeorological Disaster Risk Management in China
241
142 Early Warning and Prediction of Agrometeorological Disasters
242
1422 Prediction Models Based on Climate Prediction and Agrometeorological Models
243
1423 Early Warning for Agrometeorological Disasters Using CIS
246
143 Risk Assessments of Agrometeorological Disasters
247
1432 Risk Assessment of Major Agrometeorological Disasters
248
1433 Comprehensive Risk Division of Major Agrometeorological Disasters
249
144 Popularizing Preventive Measures of Agrometeorological Disasters
250
1442 Adopting Practical Agricultural Measures to Mitigate Disasters
251
1443 Preparing and Applying Reagents to Mitigate Agrometeorological Disasters
253
1444 Popularizing Agrometeorological Disasterpreventing Techniques
254
1452 Provincial Level
255
References
256
Degradation of Vegetation and Agricultural Productivity due to Natural Disasters and Land Use Strategies to Mitigate Their Impacts on Agriculture R...
259
152 Definitions of Terminologies
260
1532 Floods
262
1533 Drought
264
1534 Dust Storms and Sandstorms
268
1535 Frost
269
1536 Volcanic Eruption
271
1538 BushForest Fires
273
154 Conclusion
275
References
276
Agricultural Drought Mitigation and Management of Sustained Agricultural Development in India
277
162 Drought Management
279
1621 Risk Management
280
1622 Drought Management Strategy
281
163 Drought Planning in Relation to Climate Change
291
164 Mitigation of Drought
292
1641 Drought Mitigation Strategies
293
1642 Government Action to Combat Drought
294
1643 Development of New Agronomic Practices and Modern Technology
295
1645 Farming Systems Approach for Drought Mitigation
296
1646 Strategy to Induce Farmers Participation
297
165 Strategic Planning for Onfarm Research
298
1653 Longterm Measures
299
167 Risk Transfer Through Insurance
300
168 Conclusion
301
References
302
Early Detection and Monitoring of Drought and Flood in China Using Remote Sensing and GIS
305
172 Status of Drought and Flood Early Detection and Monitoring in China
307
1721 Drought
308
1722 Flood
311
173 Examples of Flood Monitoring by NMSC in 2003
314
174 Conclusions
315
References
317
The Decision of the Center of a Tropical Cyclone over China Coastal Waters Using a Doppler Radar
319
182 Pattern Recognition Technique
322
183 The Geometric Axisymmetric Center Positioning Method
323
1832 The Determination of the Locations of Extreme Doppler Velocity
324
1833 The Decision of the Center of a Tropical Cyclone
325
185 Simulated Test
327
1852 The Result of Simulated Test
329
186 Actual Test of Typhoon Case
330
187 Conclusions and Discussion
333
References
334
Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Analysis of Forest Fire Risk and Assessment of Forest Degradation
335
192 Climate Change Climate Variability and Fire Danger
341
194 GIS Applications and Fire Information Mapping
344
196 Summary and Conclusions
348
Conclusions and Recommendations
351
Recommendations
352
Index
357
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

References to this book