Responding to Youth Crime in Canada

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University of Toronto Press, 2004 - Social Science - 305 pages
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In Responding to Youth Crime in Canada, Anthony Doob and Carla Cesaroni describe how Canada has been responding to youth crime in the context of the Youth Criminal Justice Act, which came into force on April 1, 2003. The authors describe what is known about Canadian youth crime, and the operation of the youth justice system in the context of the changes in the law that are taking place.

The authors posit that the youth justice system has a relatively modest impact on youth crime. In order to respond intelligently to it and to evaluate the response of the state, two sets of information must be understood. First, society must try to understand what 'youth crime' looks like in Canada. Second, in order to understand - and evaluate - the changes that are being made in youth justice legislation in Canada, a clear understanding of the manner in which the youth justice system currently operates is necessary. Unlike those who look to the youth justice system to solve the problem of youth crime, the authors suggest that we should look to the youth justice system to respond appropriately to the realities of what constitutes youth crime and look elsewhere to address how one might affect the level of youth crime in our society.

  

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Contents

Introduction Youth Crime and Youth Justice
3
Why Have a Separate Youth Justice System?
30
The Youth Justice System and Very Young Children
52
The Nature of Youth Crime
72
Youth Crime Special Issues Gangs Schools and Recidivists
96
Trends in Youth Crime Has Youth Crime Increased in the Past Few Years?
117
Getting the Case to Court
142
Transfers to Adult Court Treating Children as Adults
171
Sentencing of Youths
190
The Impact of Custody
228
Conclusion How Do We Best Approach the Problem of Youth Crime?
240
References
275
Index
291
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Page 289 - Recalling the provisions of the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally; the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (The Beijing Rules...

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About the author (2004)

Anthony Doob is a professor in the Centre of Criminology at the University of Toronto. Carla Cesaroni is a doctoral candidate in the Centre of Criminology at the University of Toronto.

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