Handbook of International Law (Google eBook)

Front Cover
West Publishing Company, 1910 - International law - 623 pages
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Contents

Executive Power in the States
11
Judicial Powers in the States
12
Legislative Power in the States
13
The Police Power
14
Force of International Law 1517
15
Part l
16
The Right of Eminent Domain 17 Municipal Corporations
17
Civil Rights and Their Protection by the Constitution
18
PERSONS IN INTERNATIONAL
19
Constitutional Guaranties in Criminal Cases
20
CHAPTER I
21
Definition of State 2224
22
Actions against Executors and Administrators
23
Acquisition of International Status 242 3
24
Evidence and Costs
25
Recognition of International Status 2631
26
Continuous Voyage 27 Unneutral Service
27
Prize
28
Persons Having Limited Status
31
States Outside the Family of Nations
32
Members of Political Unions 3335
33
Protected States 3539
35
Belligerents
39
Recognition of Belligerency 4043
40
I8 Insurgents 434
43
Loss or Modification of Status 4952
49
GENERAL RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
53
CHAPTER II
55
Duty of Nonintervention 5765
57
Policy of Intervention 6673
66
Right of Equality 737
73
CHAPTER III
76
Domain 7879
78
Acquisition of Territorial Domain 7983
79
Maritime and Fluvial Domain 8587
85
Aerial Domain 8790
87
CHAPTER IV
91
Jurisdiction over Territory and PropertyGeneral 9293
92
Joint Jurisdiction 9395
93
Leased Territory 9597
95
Maritime and Fluvial JurisdictionMarginal Seas 9799
97
Straits 99100
99
Gulfs and Bays 100103
100
Inland Seas and Lakes 103105
103
Rivers 105107
105
Navigation 10S115
115
Vessels 117120
117
Section Page 43 ASrial Jurisdiction 120124
120
Jurisdiction over PersonsNationals
125
Acquisition of Nationality 126135
126
Expatriation 135136
135
4T Protection of Nationals 136143
136
Aliens 143145
143
Extradition 145147
145
Exemptions from Jurisdiction 147150
147
Extraterritorial Jurisdiction 151152
151
Servitudes 153154
153
Part lll
155
CHAPTER V
157
Department of Foreign Affairs 158159
158
Diplomatic Agents 159102
159
Appointment 162164
162
The Right of Legation 164160
164
Suite of Diplomat
166
Commencement of Mission 10810
168
Privileges and Prerogatives of Diplomat 109176
169
Diplomatic Functions 176178
176
Termination of Diplomatic Mission 178180
178
CHAPTER VI
181
Functions of Consular Officers 182184
182
Appointment and Reception of Consuls 184180
184
Termination of Consular Office 186187
186
Immunities and Privileges of Consular Officers 187190
187
09 Other State Agents
190
CHAPTER VII
191
Other Agreements between States 192194
192
Essentials of a Valid Treaty 194195
194
Form of the Contract 195197
195
Ratification 197199
197
Interpretation 199201
199
Most Favored Nation Clause 202205
202
Treaties of Guaranty 205207
205
Operation of a Treaty 207209
207
Termination 209212
209
Continuation 212213
212
Part lV
215
CHAPTER VIII
217
Negotiation
218
Good Offices and Mediation 21822fr
219
Commissions of Inquiry 220221
220
Arbitration 221220
221
Award 227228
227
CHAPTER IX
229
Retorsion 230231
230
Civil Rights and Remedies During War 270272
270
CHAPTER XIV
278
Movable Public Property 279281
279
Property of Municipalities and Institutions 2 81
281
Movable Property of Military Use 282283
282
Private Property in Enemy Jurisdiction 283284
283
CHAPTER XV
285
Goods
286
Vessels Exempt by Service 287288
287
Vessels Exempt by Occupation 288280
288
Vessels Exempt by Delal de Faveur 280290
290
Means of Telegraphic Communication 296298
296
CHAPTER XVI
299
Maritime Capture 209300
300
Release 302303
302
Appropriation and Destruction 304308
304
Prize Money and Bounty 309310
309
Privateers 310312
310
Volunteer Auxiliary or Subsidized Vessels 312316
312
CHAPTER XVII
317
Section Page 137 Prohibited Methods 322323
322
Special RegulationsBombardment 323324
323
Submarine Mines and Torpedoes 32432
324
Discharge of Projectiles and Explosives from Bal loons 326327
326
Spies 327328
327
CHAPTER XVIII
329
Military Government 331334
331
Exercise of Military Authority in Occupied Territory 334338
334
Martial Law 339340
339
Military Law CourtsMartial etc 340341
340
Cessation of Military Control 341343
341
CHAPTER XIX
344
Treatment of Prisoners of War 345348
345
Release of Prisoners 348353
348
Sick Wounded and Shipwrecked 353350
353
CHAPTER XX
357
Flags of Truce 857358
358
Armistices
360
Operation of Armistices 861362
361
Cartels 362363
362
Safeconducts and Passports
364
Licenses to Trade 865
365
CHAPTER XXI
366
Effect of Conquest 368372
368
Cessation of Hostilities 373374
373
Effect of Cessation of Hostilities 374375
374
Treaty of Peace
375
Scope of a Treaty of Peace 376377
376
Effect of a Treaty of Peace 377379
377
Proclamation
379
Amnesty
381
Part VI
383
CHAPTER XXII
385
Development 386391
386
Neutralization 891393
393
Divisions 395396
395
CHAPTER XXIII
397
Method of Visit and Search 399401
399
ISO Exemption from and Limitation of Right 401402
401
Convoy 402403
402
Grounds of Capture 404405
404
Transfer of Property 405409
406
Treatment of Captured Vessels 409412
409
Destruction or Appropriation of Property at Sea 412417
412
Contraband Defined 418420
418
Preemption 437438
437
CHAPTER XXV
439
Places Tbat may be Blockaded 440442
440
Establishment of a Blockade 442443
442
Notification 444440
444
Vessels in Blockaded Port 440447
447
Termination 449451
449
Violation 461452
451
Penalty for Violation
453
Period of Liability for Violation 454458
454
CHAPTER XXVI
459
CHAPTER XXVII
469
Scope 470474
470
Penalty 474470
474
CHAPTER XXVIII
477
National Prize Court 478480
478
International Prize Court 480482
480
Declaration of Paris April 16 1856
485
Convention Respecting the Laws and Customs of War
535
Convention for the Adaptation to Naval War of the Prin
549
Convention Concerning the Rights and Duties of Neutral
563
APPENDIX V
574
Negligence of Municipal Corporations
637
Editor 3d Edition Collier on Bankruptcy CoEditor American
647
With KeyNumber Annotations
648
I
654
Bona Fide Purchasers Without Notice
659
Copyright

Common terms and phrases

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Page 70 - Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power.
Page 56 - Every sovereign State is bound to respect the independence of every other sovereign State, and the courts of one country will not sit in judgment on the acts of the government of another done within its own territory.
Page 61 - The Contracting Powers agree not to have recourse to armed force for the recovery of contract debts claimed from the Government of one country by the Government of another country as being due to its nationals. This undertaking is, however, not applicable when the debtor State refuses or neglects to reply to an offer of arbitration, or, after accepting the offer, prevents any "Compromis" from being agreed on, or, after the arbitration, fails to submit to the award.
Page 79 - But, as they were all in pursuit of nearly the same object, it was necessary, in order to avoid conflicting settlements and consequent war with each other, to establish a principle which all should acknowledge as the law by which the right of acquisition, which they all asserted, should be regulated as between themselves. This principle was that discovery gave title to the government by whose subjects, or by whose authority, it was made, against all other European governments, which title might be...
Page 516 - Convention respecting the rights and duties of neutral Powers and persons in case of war on land...
Page 68 - Nothing contained in this convention shall be so construed as to require the United States of America to depart from its traditional policy of not intruding upon, interfering with, or entangling itself in the political questions of policy or internal administration of any foreign state; nor shall anything contained in the said convention be construed to imply a relinquishment by the United States of America of its traditional attitude toward purely American questions.
Page 542 - ARTICLE XXIX. An individual can only be considered a spy if, acting clandestinely, or on false pretences, he obtains, or seeks to obtain information in the zone of operations of a belligerent, with the intention of communicating it to the hostile party.
Page 201 - In each individual case the High Contracting Parties, before appealing to the Permanent Court of Arbitration shall conclude a special Agreement defining clearly the matter in dispute, the scope of the powers of the Arbitrators, and the periods to be fixed for the formation of the Arbitral Tribunal and the several stages of the procedure.
Page 201 - Differences which may arise of a legal nature or relating to the interpretation of treaties existing between the two contracting parties and which it may not have been possible to settle by diplomacy...
Page 62 - The Government of New Granada guarantees to the Government of the United States, that the right of way or transit across the Isthmus of Panama upon any modes of communication that now exist, or that may be, hereafter, constructed, shall be open and free to the Government and citizens of the United States...

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