A general historico-critical introduction to the Old Testament, tr. by W.L. Alexander (Google eBook)

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Contents

Appellation and Division of the Pentateuch
13
The Author of the Pentateuch calls himself Moses
14
History of the Canon
17
Examination of the pretended opposing facts
19
7 Circumstances conducive to the closing of the Canon
22
Unity of the Pentateuch Positive evidence of it
23
Time of the closing of the Canon
26
By whom was the Canon collected?
36
Motives for the reception of any Book into the Canon
45
Division of the Canon into three classes of Books
47
General Examination of the FragmentHypothesis
48
The Names of the Deity
56
Refutation of certain erroneous views
59
Second period History of the text till the age of
60
History of the Canon among the Jews of Palestine and those of Alexandria
61
Examination in detail of the Arguments for the Divisi bility of the Pentateuch into Separate Documents
62
Testimony of the New Testament respecting the Old Tes tament Canon
68
History of the Old Testament Canon in the Christian Church
72
Catholic and Protestant Canon
77
History of the original languages of the Old Testament
81
Oriental languages
82
Aramaic language
83
c Leviticus
86
Continuation Language of Babylon
88
d Numbers and Deuteronomy 15 Internal Truth of the Pentateuch Criticism of the History in it The Primitive History Gen i iii
90
Continuation Aramaic dialect in the north of Palestine
94
New Aramaic dialect The Syriac as an ecclesiastical language
99
Continuation Gen iv ix
103
The dialect of the South The Arabic language
106
The Coran and Muhammedan literature
114
Critical Review of the Table of Nations Gen x
118
Hebrew languageits names and designations
124
Antiquity of the Hebrew language
128
The History of the Patriarchs Gen xi xvi
131
General characteristics of the Hebrew as a written lan guage
136
Continuation Adoption of foreign words into the Heb rew
145
Poetical and Prosaic style
149
Dialects of the Hebrew language
152
Different periods in the Hebrew language till the time of the captivity
155
Continuation Gen xvii xxv
156
B PostMosaic period Age of David and Solomon
171
The old Prophetic literature
187
Continuation Gen xxvi xxxviii
189
Second age of the Hebrew language and literature The period of the captivity
196
Cessation of the Hebrew as a popular language
209
Traditionperiod of the Hebrew language till it was treated grammatically in the tenth century
212
Philological study of the Hebrew language among the Jews
214
Philological study of the Hebrew among Christian schol ars First period sixteenth century
218
3 Continuation Seventeenth century
220
Conclusion Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
222
History of the Text of the Old Testament
225
Continuation Gen xlviii 1
226
Antiquity of letterwriting among the Semitic nations
227
Art of writing among the Hebrews Its antiquity
231
Criticism of the History in Exodus chaps i xix
235
Jerome and the Talmud
259
The vowel signs of the Masoretes
262
The giving of the Law at Sinai General Remarks
265
Further history of vocalisation Diverse views of this subject
266
Separation of words
269
Separations according to the meaning Verses
270
Other larger divisions
273
History of the text of the Old Testament as a whole First periodto the closing of the Canon
275
Tulmudists
277
Treatment of the text among the Talmudists
279
The Masoretes and their labours
282
Manuscripts
286
Continuation Synagogue rolls
287
Continuation Private manuscripts
288
Collections of various readings
291
Printed text of the Old Testament Principal editions
292
Continuation Of the Decalogue c Exodus xx xl 2S0 26 Historical Criticism of Leviticus
293
History of the interpretation of the Old Testment I Of the ancient versions 1 Greek versions
295
Principles on which this peculiarity is to be explained
297
How the Alexandrian translation originated Oldest history thereof
300
Continuation Further history of the Alexandrine trans lation
303
The rise of new Greek translations
306
The Hexapla of Origen
309
History of the LXX after Origen
313
Daughterversions of the LXX 1 The Itala
316
2 TtSyriac version from the Greek
318
3 Other versions derived from the LXX
323
The Versio Veneta
326
Oriental versions
328
The Targums of Onkelos on the Pentateuch and of Jona than on the Prophets
331
Targum Jeruschalmi on the Pentateuch and the Prophets
336
The Targums on the Hagiographa
338
The Syriac Peschito
341
Versions derived from the Peschito
348
Arabic translations
349
Persian translation of the Pentateuch
350
Latin translation
351
Further history of the Vulgate
354
Versions derived from the Vulgate
358
History of the exegetical treatment of the Old Testa ment in the general
360
Ancient Judaism
361
Exegesis of the Fathers
364
Interpretations of the Rabbins
369
Modern exegesis
371
Principles of texual criticism of the Old Testament
375
Critical process in reference to the historical witnesses
376
Criticism as respects its objects
378
Estimate of certain other critical systems
380
Principles of Old Testament hermeneutics
383
Philological understanding of the Old Testament
384
Historical Understanding of the Old Testament
385
The Theological Understanding of the Old Testament
386
Refutation of some other Modes of Interpretation in their application to the Old Testament
387
Book of Kings
390

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Page 333 - Zunz justly remarks (op. oil. p. 63), " The prophetical writings, not containing anything of the nature of legal enactment, admitted of a greater latitude in handling the text. This became even unavoidable because of the more obscure language and the predictions concerning Israel's future by which they are characterized. Even in the case of the historical books, Jonathan often acts the part of an expositor. In the case of the prophets themselves, this course of exposition — in reality becoming...
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Page 78 - Si quis autem libros ipsos integros cum omnibus suis partibus, prout in Ecclesia Catholica legi consueverunt, et in veteri vulgata Latina editione habentur, pro sacris et canonicis non susceperit; et traditiones praedictas sciens et prudens contempserit; anathema sit.
Page 79 - Hos libros agnoscimus esse canonicos, id est, ut fidei nostrae normam et regulam habemus, atque non tantum ex communi ecclesiae consensu, sed etiam multo magis ex testimonio et intrinseca Spiritus sancti persuasione : quo suggerente docemur, illos ab aliis libris ecclesiasticis discernere, qui ut sint ules (utiles ?) non sunt tamen ejusmodi, ut ex iis constitui possitaliquis fidei articulus.
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Page 272 - Nemo cum Prophetas versibus viderit esse descriptos metro eos aestimet apud Hebraeos ligari, et aliquid simile habere de Psalmis vel operibus Salomonis : sed quod in Demosthene et Tullio solet fieri, ut per cola scribantur et commata, qui utique prosa et non versibus conscripserunt, nos quoque utilitati legentium providentes, interpretationem novam novo scribendi gcnere distinximus.
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Page 356 - ... usu in ipsa Ecclesia probata est, in publicis lectionibus, disputationibus , praedicationibus , et expositionibus pro authentica habeatur; et ut nemo illam rejicere quovis praetextu audeat, vel praesumat.

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