Slavery's End In Tennessee
This is the first book-length work on wartime race relations in Tennessee, and it stresses the differences within the slave community as well as Military Governor Andrew Johnsonís role in emancipation. †In Tennessee a significant number of slaves took advantage of the disruptions resulting from federal invasion to escape servitude and to seek privileges enjoyed by whites.†Some rushed into theses changes, believing God had ordained them; others acted simply from a willingness to seize any opportunity for improving their lot. Both groups felt a sense of dignity that their slaves initiated a change; they lacked the power and resources to secure and expand the gains they made on their own. ††† Because most disloyal slaves supported the Union while most white Tennesseans did not, the federal army eventually decided to encourage and capitalize upon slave discontent.†Idealistic Northern reformers simultaneously worked to establish new opportunities for Southern blacks.†The reformersí paternalistic attitudes and the armyís concern with military expediency limited the aid they extended to blacks. ††† Black poverty, white greed, and white racial prejudice severely restricted change, particularly in the former slavesí economic position.†The more significant changes took the form of new social privileges for the freedmen: familial security, educational opportunities, and religious independence.†Masters had occasionally granted these benefits to some slaves, but what the disloyal slaves wanted and won was the formalization of these privileges for all blacks in the state.
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1 The Institution and the Confederates
2 The Master and Slave Relationship after Federal Occupation
3 Federal Occupation and the Slave Code
4 Black Ghettos and Contraband Camps
5 Beginning of Economic and Social Reconstruction
6 Black Military Service
38 Cong Andrew Johnson April army Asst August August 19 Bills Diary Cartmell Diary Chattanooga Cincinnati Gazette Civil Clarksville Clinton Colored Troops Commissioner for Ky Confederate contraband camps County Davis Tillson December emancipation enlisted February February 21 ﬁrst Fisk free blacks Freedmen Freedmenís Aid Commission freedom fugitive slaves Indiana Freedmenís Aid January January 26 John Eaton Johnson Papers July June Knoxville Knoxville Whig labor system Letterbook Lincoln Lorenzo Thomas LR by Adjutant March masters Memphis Bulletin ment Middle Tennessee military Nashville Dispatch Nashville Press Nashville Union November November 14 October October 24 paternalistic Porter Diary post commander quoted R. D. Mussey Reconstruction Records recruiting Registered LR Relating to Colored Report runaways secessionists Senate Executive Documents September Sess Sherman signiﬁcant slave code slaveholders slavery slaveryís soldiers status Stearns Tenn Tennesseans Thomas Relating tion trabands True Union TSLA unionists USCI Warren West Tennessee William York